(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 1,993)Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_10.4.3 – Identify the ideal level of arousal for the peak performance of most people; explain why the relationship between arousal and performance is considered to be an inverted U function; describe how the complexity of a task affects one’s ideal level of arousal, including an explanation and examples of the Yerkes-Dodson Law; and discuss test anxiety and techniques to help alleviate this problem.oTheYerkes–Dodson lawis an empirical relationship between arousal and performance, originally developed by psychologists Robert M.Yerkesand John DillinghamDodsonin 1908. ... The process is often illustrated graphically as a bell-shaped curve, which increases and then decreases with higher levels of arousal.Gateway Question 10.5: What are learned and social motives, and why are they important?Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_10.5.1 – Describe the learned motives, including social motives, and how they account for much of the diversity of human motivation; and explain how people learn to enjoy activities that are at first painful or frightening.oMotivesare often categorized into primary, or basic,motives, which are unlearned and common to both animals and humans; and secondary, orlearned,motives, whichcan differ from animal to animal and person to person.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_10.5.2 – Using Solomon’s opponent-process theory, explain how some learned motives, such as drug addiction, skydiving, and other hazardous pursuits, become reinforcing and why some people become fans of horror movies, carnival rides, or bungee jumping. oOpponent-process theoryis a psychological and neurological model that accounts for a wide range of behaviors, including color vision. This model was first proposed in 1878 by Ewald Hering, a German physiologist, and later expanded by Richard Solomon, a 20th-century psychologist.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_10.5.3 – Explain how social motives are learned through socialization and cultural conditioning.oSocial Motivesdescribe fundamental, underlying psychological processes that impelpeople's thinking, feeling, and behaving in situations involving other peopleLearning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_10.5.5 – Explain how self-confidence affects motivation; and identify eight strategies to help enhance one’s self-confidence.oA feeling of trust in one's abilities, qualities, and judgment.