President can issue directives to agencies a form of legislating Congress can

President can issue directives to agencies a form of

This preview shows page 3 - 4 out of 4 pages.

President can issue directives to agencies (a form of legislating) Congress can try to write a bill to counteract, but that bill can be vetoed Gives the president a lot of power in this realm Pocket Veto: When a bill is sent to the president just before legislative recess When the president vetoes, Congress has 10 days to override… They can’t override if they’re not there, so pocket veto is override-proof But instead, Congress just doesn’t pass bills before recess, or go on recess at all Macro: 3 Challenges of research: Wheat from Chaff: Some vetoes are meaningful, some are not at all Most vetoes are of the unimportant kind Advances in data have helped here: bills are classified by importance This includes vetoes, and the rate that (un-)important bills are vetoed Small- n problem There have been relatively few congresses and presidents You can look at other features besides which number of Congress Probability of veto by type (see above section) You can also look further back in time to include more Congresses No institutional variation problem: Every president has a veto Thus you can’t say how a president would act which didn’t have a veto No basis for comparison Veto occurrences Vetoes happen when during divided government, and when presidential opposition is high Theoretically, when approval is high, veto will be low because C won’t challenge P (Neustadt) But there’s also the blame-game veto (see above) Also, data suggests that C won’t challenge P early on because P is trying to build a record Anticipation Effects: when will Congress change their behavior before a veto even happens? Congress seems to reign in pork barrel spending when the president’s party has lots of support Can anticipated vetoes move bills on an ideological spectrum? Hard to tell. These are nebulous concepts Does anticipated veto lead to gridlock? Also hard to measure Conclusion: Future research should also look into combined presidential strategies Proposal plus appointment plus persuasion plus veto This is an extremely difficult task…
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 4 pages?

  • Spring '18
  • Jon Rogowski

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes