Although in some cases this rules may not be called strictly, the spirit of the rule must be respected, i.e. placing a tall player under the basket in theoffensive for more than 3 seconds is a violation and will be called. Art. 26 Closely Guarded PlayerA player who is holding a live ball on the court is closely guarded when an opponent is in an active guarding position at a distance of no more than twonormalsteps away. A violation shall be called if a closely guarded player with the ball does not pass, shoot or dribble the ball within fiveseconds. The ball is then awarded to the opponents for a throw-in. Art. 27 Ball Returned to BackcourtA player who is in control of a live ball may not cause the ball to be illegally returned to his backcourt. This restriction is valid also for the throw-ins. The ball has been illegally returned to the backcourt when a player of the team, in control of the ball, is the last to touch the ball in his frontcourt, after which that playeror a team-mate is the first to touch the ball in his backcourt. To return illegally the ball to the backcourt is a violation and the ball is awarded to the opponents for a throw-in from the nearest place to where the violation took place.Back court will only apply in gyms large enough to justify this rule. RULE SIX: FOULSArt. 28 Fouls - DefinitionA foul is an infraction of the rules concerning illegal personal contact with an opponent and/or unsportsmanlike behaviour. Art. 29 Personal FoulA personal foul is a player's foul, which involves contact with an opponent. A player shall not hold, block, push, charge, trip or impede the progress of an opponent by extending his hand, arm, elbow, shoulder, hip, knee or foot, nor by bending his body into an "abnormal" position nor use any rough tactics.
If personal contact occurs and results in an unfair advantage, not intended by the Rules, the referee shall call a personal foul against the player responsible for the contact and the foul shall be recorded on the score sheet. If the foul is committed on a player who is not in the act of shooting, the ball is awarded to the opponents for a throw-in. This results in a non shooting foul.If the foul is committed on a player who is in the act of shootingand the shot for goal is not successful, he is awarded two free throws. If the foul is committed on the player who is in the act of shootingand the shot for goal is successful, one free throw is awarded.Art. 30 Unsportsmanlike FoulAn unsportsmanlike foul is a personal foul, which in the opinion of a referee, is not a legitimate attempt to directly play the ball within the spirit and intent of the Rules. If a player in an effort to play the ball causes excessive contact (hard foul),then this contact shall also be judged to be unsportsmanlike. A player charged with two unsportsmanlike fouls shall automatically be disqualified. Two free throws are awarded to the player who was fouled by an unsportsmanlike foul, followed by a throw-in for the same team at the centre line extended.