The Battle of Saratoga boosted colonial morale prevented New England from being

The battle of saratoga boosted colonial morale

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in the war for the Americans. The Battle of Saratoga boosted colonial morale, prevented New England from being cut-off from the rest of the colonies, and encouraged the French to openly support the American cause. The British experienced early victories, in spite of heroic efforts by leaders like Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys. Yet, the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga led the French to join the Patriots’ cause. War in the South The British turned their attention to the South, where they envisioned thousands of Loyalists rising up to defend the British crown. Initial British victories at Charleston and Camden, South Carolina caused great concern for General Washington, who was entrenched against the British in New York. Washington sent General Nathanael Greene to replace General Horatio Gates as commander of the Southern forces after the defeat at Camden in August 1780. American victories at the battles of Kings Mountain, Cowpens, and Guilford Courthouse regained Southern control and forced the British to retreat out of the Carolinas, relinquishing all they had gained. Battle of Yorktown
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After the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, General Cornwallis , who was the British commander of the Southern Campaign, left the Carolinas and headed for Virginia to meet Benedict Arnold. They began raiding the state of Virginia and met little resistance until June 1781. Cornwallis retreated to the coastal town of Yorktown, where he could receive supplies and reinforcements by sea. In the meantime, Washington's Army was entrenched in New York. He requested French Naval assistance and was told the French could assist for a couple of months, but not in the shallow New York Harbor. Washington seized the moment and the French offer of naval aide, by heading South to Virginia in pursuit of Cornwallis' army at Yorktown. Cornwallis thought he would receive reinforcements by sea at Yorktown; however, the French navy had set up a blockade and was controlling the Chesapeake Bay, rather than the British. George Washington's Continental Army had moved into Virginia to block off Cornwallis's escape route inland. Cornwallis was trapped. The bombardment started in September of 1781. Cornwallis had no escape route with the French naval blockade of Chesapeake Bay. Surrender at Yorktown Collectively, Washington and the French were able to inflict the final blow on the British in Yorktown. On October 19, 1781, Cornwallis, with nearly 8,000 troops, surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown .
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  • Fall '19
  • David Watts
  • Test, General Washington, American Continental Army, 1776

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