shape a post-war peace that represented collective security and help the people of Europe. 28. Paris Peace Treaty, 1947- Signed on February 10th, 1947 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference. The victorious Allied Powers negotiated the details of the peace treaty with Italy, the minor axis powers, and Finland following the end of World War II in 1945. The treaty allowed Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Finland to resume being sovereign states.The settlement included payment of war reparations and commitment to minority rights.
29. Potsdam Conference- A conference held in Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany between the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The leaders were Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman, and Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee. They gathered together to decide how to administer Germany which had agreed to surrender nine weeks earlier and establish postwar order, peace treaty issues, and counter effects of the war. 30. Nazi- Common name for people under rule of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party between 1933 and 1945. A Nazi is a member of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party. The Nazi Party was a mass movement that ruled Germany through totalitarian means and promoted German pride and anti-semitism. They expressed dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles and forced many minority groups into concentration camps, killing many they considered “undesirable.”
31. Kamikaze- Part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who carried out suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against the Allies naval vessels during the ending of the Pacific campaign of World War II. The attacks were designed to destroy warships more effectively than with conventional air attacks. Around 3,800 kamikaze pilots died during the war and more than 7,000 naval personnel were killed by the kamikaze. 32. Hitler- A German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party. He became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and began ruling Germany under dictatorship. During his dictatorship, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He attacked the Treaty of Versailles and promoted anti-semitism and anti-communism. He was closely involved in military operations during the war and was central to the beginning of the Holocaust.
33. Tojo- A Japanese politician and the general of the Imperial Japanese Army who served as the Imperial Rule Assistance Association leader. He was the 27th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II. He was very outspoken about preventative war against the United States before Pearl Harbor. He was one of the leading perpetrators behind Japanese war crimes against prisoners of war and civilians during the Pacific conflict. He was arrested and sentenced to death. 34. Concentration Camp- Nazi Germany had many concentration camps during World War II.
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- Fall '16
- Julio Pando
- World War II