100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 15 - 17 out of 226 pages.
opening to the vagina cervix labia minora or anal area. Warts may also appear inside the vagina or anus and may not be noticed at all. Warts are flat or lumpy 3B they may be single or in groups and vary in size. Sometimes the warts may be too small or flat to be seen or felt. Skin-to-skin contact 3B vaginal oral or anal sexual activities. Transmission possible with or without visible warts. No cure. Removal of warts through cryo-surgery (freezing) laser therapy surgery and topical medications applied by the patient. Removing warts does not cure infection. Vaccine trade name Gardasil released in 2007. Series of three injections. The vaccine imparts lifelong immunity from the four cancer-causing strains of HPV. Major cause of cervical anal and throatcancers. HIV 2FAIDS HIV 3A Initially no symptoms or mild fever headache fatigue and rash. As virus progresses 3A loss of energy 3B unexplained weight loss 3B frequent fevers and night sweats 3B frequent yeast infections 3B enlarged lymph glands 3B persistent skin rashes 3B short-term memory loss 3B mouth genital or anal sores 3B and blurred vision. AIDS diagnosed when CD4 2B T-cell count dips to below 200 or when the person becomes infected with one or more opportunistic infections. Transmission requires that semen vaginal fluids or blood from an infected person enter the bloodstream of an uninfected person. The most common routes of HIV are through sexual contact primarily vaginal and anal intercourse and less commonly oral sex. No cure. More than twenty specific medications for fighting HIV are currently on the market including protease inhibitors nucleoside-nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and fusion inhibitors. Also available are immune system enhancers and specific treatments for AIDS-related infections. No. Research is continuing. Medication is now available that help to prevent transmission of virus (trade name 3A Truvada). With proper treatment lifespan of HIV-infected individuals is rapidly increasing (approaching twenty-five years in the United States). Survivalfollowing diagnosis with AIDS is approaching ten years. BACTERIAL STIs Chlamydia Thick cloudy discharge from the vagina or penis occurring one to three weeks after exposure 3B less common 3A pelvic pain irregular periods increased pain during menstrual periods
discomfort during urination or irritation of the vaginal and 2For anal area 3B often asymptomatic especially in women. Oral vaginal and anal sex. Extremely contagious bacterium 3B may be transmitted during a single sexual encounter with an infected partner. Oral antibiotics will cure most cases. All sexual partners must be treated concurrently to prevent reinfection. No. Research is ongoing 3B recent studies promising Untreated may lead to infections of reproductive system and pelvic inflammatory disease in women and epididymitis in men a majorcause of infertility. Gonorrhea Men 3A painful burning sensation during urination or bowel movement