consensus building, increase ease of implementation, avoiding worst-caseconfrontations, maintaining credibility and legitimacy also developing civil society. Local government councillors and officials have a crucial role to play in ensuringaccountable and transparent local government. They represent the communitycouncil and council in communities. It is important that councillors be able to identifycommunity needs in order to address their needs properly. The community’s needsto consult so that adequate and effective services can be offered. This is so becauselocal government must represent the people it serves. Services offered by the localgovernment have impact on the communities.According to (Gildenhuys & Knipe 2000, 126) “Participation in Political decisionmaking by members of public individuals and groups, directly or indirectly throughelected political representatives must be secured. Encouraging decision making thatintegrate actor’s international, national, local basin and sub-basin levels has becomean accepted principle but should also include the sharing of power and democracy inelaborating and implementing water policies and projects. Government, agencies,regulators utilities, end users and civil society have to join forces and share the riskand responsibilities. People want to participate in major decisions that are importantto them. Water related issues such as ground water, water quality or allocation, andstream bank habitat management attract public involvement because people aredirectly affected. Therefore, it is not a question of whether to have public participation but rather howto design a process that yields the most benefits.Benefits to planning and carrying out an effective public participation processes arediscussed below:Public participation processes are opportunity for mutual education ofeveryone involved.Decision makers, in a relatively that amount of time, often can get additionalinformation, financial expertise, creativity, and social data about values,attitudes, and preferences regarding those individual or groups who will bemost impacted by their decisions.