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"History teaches that grave threats to liberty often come in times of urgency, when constitutional rights seem too extravagant to endure."-history provides many examples of thisIn the late 1790s, Jeffersonians protested against Acts (Nationalization and Alien and Sedition Acts). Said it went against 1stAmendment and they saw what the Federalists were trying to do. The Jeffersonians complained and took actions with words by means of Virginia and Kentucky resolutions - tried to have state government impose veto (check) on central governmentIn election of 1800 (Revolution of 1800), Federalists lost control to JeffersonianFederalists: Important Group in early American History1.Important and useful2.Established strong central government3.Provided philosophy of government – still shared by many people today4.But angered some – people believed they were denying what American Revolution was all about. Believed too much security and not enough liberty5.So lost control of executive and legislative branches – ended in 18001 but a few Federalists still played important roles (John Marshall – a Federalist who served 34 years as Chief Justice of Supreme Court)Thomas Jefferson– oHero because he wrote so much. oBelieved in progress – things will get betteroBelieved in natural rights – physical philosophy was an outgrowth/product of environment and hereditary
oOpinions changed often so he appealed to many different kinds of people. oComplex yet optimisticoTried to adapt his views to changing circumstances that occurred throughout his lifeBasic Values of Jefferson•Limited government – this is what made him so popular to people who thought government had grown too large•Accountability of public officials•Dispersal of power – to several hands not just controlled by one•Respect for individual privacy•Education – he thought was essential of any good society (for ALL men not just philosophers)Jefferson’s Political Philosophy•belief in natural rights•faith in reason•idealism— belief in progress•optimism— hope for perfectibility•education necessary for all menAlso influenced by environment.Jefferson’s Social Attitudes•faith in yeoman farmers – farmers were ideal citizens•faith in independent citizens •fear of urban working class •fear of slaves•blind to rising Industrial RevolutionEducation was a keystone in beliefs for Jefferson"If a nation expects to be ignorant and free in a state ofcivilization, it expects what never was and never will be." - Jefferson*can’t be ignorant and free. To be free you must be educated“I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostilityagainst every form of tyranny over the mind of man.” Education!- Jefferson*James Madison and John F Kennedy was also very much for educationREPUBLICANS/JEFFERSONIANS (Madison Jefferson)-Republican party of the 1790s was not the republican party of 1850s•Represented the conflict between nationalism and localism•Continual influence ever since
•By 1796 these 2 groups were acting like political parties•