Such anxieties stemmed from presumed gaps between the

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Such anxieties stemmed from presumed gaps between the bomber/missile capacities of the US and those of the USSR Gaps were imaginary Cuban missile crisis was prompted by moscow’s weakness, that than its strength, USSR sought a quick fix for their perceived strategic disadvantage Got it wrong again under ford when team B issued a report in 1976 predicting that unless urgent measures were taken, the Soviet threat would reach its peak between 198o and 1983. Today as was the case during the cold war, there is no shortage of specialist predicting impending nuclear disasters 85 experts in 2005 estimated that the risk of a WMD attack occurring before 2010 was 50 percent and before 2015, 70 percent. Congress concluded in 2008 that america’s margin of safety is shrinking not growing Graham Allison, one of the commission's members, had warned in 2oo4 that "the detonation of a nuclear device in an American city is inevitable if the U.S. continues on its present course."
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The Mushroom Cloud That Wasn’t  17:53 These sorts of scary predictions have a basis in reality. Iran has mastered the ability to enrich uranium, is laying the foundation for a nuclear weapons program, and has close ties to terrorist groups; Pakistan is ramping up its capacity to produce plutonium as the central government's influence is waning North Korea has a bomb-making capacity, weapons-grade material, and a need for hard currency Al Qaeda's leaders have sought to acquire and use these weapons, and other extremist groups have an interest in doing so, too Experts cite such worrisome developments and then use threat inflation to seize the public's attention and to secure sufficient appropriations for their preferred remedies. As real as these threats are, hyping them carries its own risks. Crying wolf too often can lead to complacency when action is needed most. Repeated warnings can also prompt taxpayers and lawmakers to question what was gained from prior investments in reducing threats and so limit appropriations for new ones. fear-based strategies lead to wasteful spending and costly errors in judgment. Dire warnings of impending nuclear dangers during the Cold War led the United States and the Soviet Union to produce a staggering 125,ooo nuclear warheads and test an average of one nuclear weapon per week between 1962 and 1989. decade of the 199os, when a weakened Russian leadership presided over massive, poorly guarded nuclear stockpiles. As Boris Yeltsin jockeyed with Mikhail Gorbachev for the Kremlin's leadership in 1991, no one could be sure who would control Russia's nuclear codes or whether the military chain of command would remain intact. Decisive Force Doctrine
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The Mushroom Cloud That Wasn’t  17:53 Russia faced grave economic hard- ships during the 199os, when its GDP fell by 40 percent. (By contrast, the United States' GDP fell by 30 percent during the Great Depression.) Poverty- especially among nuclear scientists and military officials-increased the risk of theft, diversion, or covert sales of nuclear weapons and bomb-making material.
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