i. It opened up the east African coast to the outside world that later resulted in colonization. ii. Emergence of strong leaders who welcomed foreigners from whom they gained guns e.g. the Kabaka of Buganda iii. The coming of Europeans in the scene ended Arab dominance in the trade. iv. The existence of slave trade and Islam made missionaries come to abolish slave trade and spread Christianity. Zanzibar market was closed in1873 v. New crops were introduced such as maize and rice vi. New items were introduced such as guns and cloth. vii. Intensification of warfare during slave raids, which caused suffering and destruction of property viii. Living standards of the traders improved as they acquired wealth from the trade. Effects of Omani Arab rule. • Oman rule led to the growth of slave trade. • Growth of towns like Zanzibar. • Local, long distance and international trade grew. • Linked east Africa coast to the rest of the world. • Spread of Islamic religion. • Growth of plantation agriculture. • Missionaries came to east Africa coast to stop slave trade. The Spread of Christianity. Christianity was introduced by the Portuguese at the coast in the 15 th century who won some converts in Mombasa and Malindi. As soon as they were driven out by the Arabs the long established Islamic culture and religion overwhelmed the Christian effort. In the late 19 th century there was a Christian revival in Britain and Western Europe called the evangelical revival which provided the inspiration for the missionaries to go out into other parts of the world. The 19 th and early 20 th century saw the spread of Christianity into the interior of Kenya. Reasons for coming of Christian missionaries. i. They came to spread Christianity to the Africans. ii. They came to spread western civilization through education. iii. They came to abolish slave trade which they considered inhuman and replace it with legitimate trade. iv. The formation of Missionary societies in Western Europe which competed to send their members out to Africa such as the Church Missionary Society v. The missionaries wanted to counter the spread of Islam. 55
vi. Missionaries were also explorers who interested in the geographical knowledge of Africa like Ludwig Krapf and Johann Rebmann Missionary activities in Kenya . The main missionary activities in Kenya were; 1. Opening up of mission stations 2. Establishment of centres for freed slaves 3. Preaching of Christianity 4. Exploration of the interior Exploration activities of the missionaries i. Ludwig Krapf and Johann Rebmann were the first Europeans to see Mt. Kilimanjaro(1847), the source of Tana River and Mt. Kenya in 1849 ii. In 1848 Jacob Erhardt managed to draw a crude map of the interior of East Africa from the stories of traders Why missionaries established mission stations in East Africa i. To teach Africans how to read the bible ii. To train African catechists to assist with missionary work iii. They stations would serve to spread Christianity and western culture iv.
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- Fall '16
- Farah Nabilla
- The Bible