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ECE _DSST _ Human Resource MGMT

This method is similar to the nominal group technique

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This method is similar to the nominal group technique except that it doesn’t allow or require members to be physically present. The steps in this technique are as follows: (1) Problem is identified and members are asked to provide possible solutions through a series of questionnaires; (2) Each member anonymously completes the questionnaire; (3) Results are compiled, transcribed, and reproduced at a central location; (4) Each member receives a copy; (5) After viewing results, members are again asked for their solutions; (6) These steps are repeated until consensus is reached. One of the most popular approaches to technological forecasting was developed by the RAND Corporation and is known as the Delphi Method. Technological forecasting involves predicting the state of technology in the future. The rapid pace of Information Technology (IT) development has led to the creation of Human Resource Information Systems that are designed to deal with every aspect of human resource management, including storing data to forecasting labor needs, career planning and policy evaluation. The Human Resource Information System (HRIS) is meant to reduce the paperwork burden for HR and to assist in controlling HR and making decisions. The overall effects of Information Technoloy (IT) in HR have to been to better decision-making, reduce costs, increase productivity, improve communications, speed up response times, and lower administrative costs. With a modern IT system, communications with employees can be virtually instantaneous, not just locally but in very many parts of the world. The diversity of the workforce is constantly changing in the US due to demographic changes, such as age, race and gender distribution as well as the educational levels of population. The US is in a state of constant demographic flux. The regular arrival of immigrants will mean that the racial make-up of the labor pool will be altering. In recent years an age imbalance has developed as the baby boomers reach retirement. Workers are also becoming better educated and qualified. Affirmative action describes the policy whereby employers remedy past discriminatory practices to minorities by adhering to specific guidelines to achieve a balanced and diverse workforce. This is the definition of an affirmative action policy (AAP). Many firms voluntarily develop their own AAP but it is mandatory for employers with federal contracts exceeding $50,000 and those employers subject to a court order. The court may impose an AAP on an employer with previous history of discrimination with set goals and dates for compliance.
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Affirmative action is a highly emotional and contentious issue because it affects all workers and can lead to the charge of reverse discrimination. Reverse discrimination describes the situation when preference for the protected classes is practiced to the extent that the non- protected classes believe that they are being discriminated against. Since the 1990s the courts have restricted the application of AAPs.
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