land Divisions between blacks and yeomen Divisions between blacks and southern

Land divisions between blacks and yeomen divisions

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land Divisions between blacks and yeomen Divisions between blacks and southern Whigs/Northern carpetbaggers Divisions between Northern carpetbaggers and Southern Whigs >> Thus: Republican Program Universal manhood suffrage (blacks and yeomen) Protect new civil and political rights (blacks) Expand popularly elected offices and reorganize judicial system (blacks and yeomen) Expand public education (blacks and yeomen) Support debtor relief (yeomen) Oppose land reform (commercial whites) Support aid to internal improvement (commercial whites)
Attract northern capital (commercial whites) > With the Republican Program, Republicans sweep power Win power in every former Confed state except Virginia White Republicans dominated state leadership in high positions Blacks majority of legislatures and many local level leadership positions Power was wielded on a local level: sheriff, jury, magistrate, etc. Can effect change on a local level and the possibility of justice that was not there before 16 blacks elected to Congress 2 blacks elected to Senate Blanche Bruce - former slave Hiram Revels - freeborn, took Jefferson Davis' seat 1500+ blacks served in local office >> Republican achievement Rebuilding infrastructure of South, especially railroads Enlarged public sector and public services - first public school systems in the South Former slaves have access to education Increased taxes and shifted tax base to land - could promote land reform Local black and white officeholders offer former slaves a way to address grievances - help laborers limit exploitation Blacks can serve on juries Resisted in many ways by former slaveholders and their allies, lampooned in many ways Gave rise to many stereotypes Republican misrule Relationship between image of African Americans in political office then, and now Carpetbaggers Black idleness Freeing the slaves created new institutions Democratic party in the South 1832 - 1854 - Democrats and Whigs 1854 - 1867 - Democrats and ??? 1867 - 1877 - Democrats and Republicans Democratic party had some real challenges to face once the Civil War came to an end Was associated with secession and defeat in the South Was associated with disloyalty in the North because it was sympathetic to the rebellion or hostile to the Lincoln administration Find a new name for itself - called themselves the Conservative Party Split into two factions New Departure Democrats - accept black suffrage and try to attract black votes Looking to a new future Emphasis on paternalism and patronage Appeal to wealthy planters (Southern whites affiliated with Whigs) and urban types Moderate Democrats and former Whigs Accepts outcome of war: that Confederate rebellion was defeated, slaves freed, slaves get civil rights Try to appeal to black voters
Tell black voters that they will "look out" for black voters, they will "take care" of black voters ( paternalistic to the extreme ) > Trying to make it in a new reality > African Americans did not end up voting for them - it was largely rejected White Line Democrats

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