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Another issue to point out is the fact that there has not been a maximum number set of refugees that Germany can accept because Merkel doesn't believe that there is such a satisfactory answer but also because it would be politically dangerous for Merkel to identify such a maximum that could not beadhered to. In 2015, 1 million refugees and migrants were accepted into Germany, where 390,000 out of 723,000 asylum applications were approved. “The government of Chancellor Angela Merkel hopes the influx of migrants will solve the country's labor shortage, a result of Germany's rapidly aging population and fewer young people opting for vocational training” (Davis, 2017).3. Aging PopulationOne in five German citizens today are age 65 and older. “This demographic has allowed for the rise of a lucrative healthcare sector with an economic output of 287.3 billion euros as of 2010, equivalent to approximately 11.6 per cent of Germany's GDP” (Chiang, 2016). With the demands of theaging citizens rising, there has been a shortage of skilled workers forcing an influx of foreign care workers helping meet the demand. Most of the workers who are stepping up are of Russian descent, while many also come from Eastern Europe.Furthermore, the German healthcare system is often an easy target for criminal operations. Such
abuse by Russian organized crime has been linked to embezzlement and fraudulent billing scams. German authorities reported they “uncovered financial losses of upwards of one billion euros annually within German nationalized healthcare companies, with the losses mostly stemming from fraudulent logbooks run by Russian mobile nursing services, in which these services often [targeted] lucrative cases: patients requiring intensive care, running up bills of thousands of euros per month” (Chiang, 2016).Even though “a slight growth is expected over the next decade, it will be followed by a gradual decrease, reaching a total population size of 67.9 to 73.1 million in 2060” (Chervyakov, 2015). The demand for treatment of elderly care and age-related conditions will be pushed up as the proportion of people 65 or older rises to over 22 percent by 2018. It will also put considerable stress on the overall health care budget. With the aging population in Germany on the rise in years to come, resources will become limited as well as scarce. Not to mention the possible loss of being Europe’s largest economy. The aging society mixed with a low fertility rate will lead to massive shrinkage of the working age population as well. Since the number of women who are in the fertile age is already decreasing substantially, little or no impact would come about even if an increased fertility rate arises. Between 2025 and 2035, the baby boomer generation will be retiring bringing forth the mot pronounced decrease in the working-age population. According to the International Monetary Fund, thepotential pressure Germany's labor market is a key concern. “The projected decline in the labor force due to aging after 2020 calls for measures to boost labor supply in the medium term. Additional