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C. It was during this time that a very famous political cartoonist began to attack this political arrangement (in particular in New York). Who was the cartoonist and what group and leader did he attack (this cartoonist also was noted for his attacks on slavery and the Southern reaction to Reconstruction)? (1) This political cartoonist had originally become famous for creating the animal caricatures for each political party: the donkey for Democrats and the elephant for Republicans. (2) This man was Thomas Nast. (3) His political cartoons unmercifully attacked the corruption in New York caused by Boss Tweed’s political machine called Tammany Hall. D. By the election of 1872 a group of anti-Grant Republicans had formed. List and briefly explain three reasons why they were upset with Grant. What did they call themselves? What did they do in the election of 1872 due to their dissatisfaction with Grant? (1) The anti-Grant faction in the Republican Party was upset with him for three reasons: •They opposed Grant’s corruption and use of the spoils system and wanted federal jobs and contracts to be awarded by objective civil service exams and competitive bidding. •They opposed Grant’s continued support of Radical Reconstruction in the South because that too seemed corrupt. •Finally, they opposed Grant because they suspected his administration was riddled with corruption. (2) This anti-Grant group called themselves Liberal Republicans. (3) In the 1872 election they bolted the Republican Party in an attempt to defeat Grant. E. What two candidates ran in the election of 1872? What three parties did each candidate represent? Who won, how substantial was the victory, and how do you explain these results?
Originally written by Chris Miller Updated by Tony Saavedra 17 (1) Horace Greeley ran as BOTH a Liberal Republican and Democrat while Grant ran as a Republican. (2) By 1872 Grant had become quite popular and won even a more substantial victory than he had accomplished in 1868. (3) Obviously, the voting public did not believe the anti-Grant criticism. F. PRESIDENT GRANT’S SECOND ADMINISTRATION 1873-1877: During Grant’s second term he faced THREE SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES: CHALLENGE #1—THE SCANDAL ISSUE: Between 1872-1877 a whole series of scandals—the Credit Mobilier and the Whiskey Ring—came to the public’s attention.