9.What character traits does Penelope reveal in her interactions with Odysseus disguised as a beggar?10.What does the interaction between Odysseus and Penelope in lines 1348-1418 tell you about their relationship? Calypso wondered what it was about Penelope that drew Odysseus homeward. Now that you’ve met Penelope, how would you answer Calypso?11.The Odysseyis many centuries old. Do you think the feelings and needs shown by the people in The Odysseyare shared by people today? Which feeling does the speaker in “An Ancient Gesture” (see below) identify with? Which experiences or people or people in this story did you identify with most? Why?12.Suppose a modern general, like Odysseus, had fought in a war for ten years and was missing for another ten years. What emotions might he or she have experienced upon returning home? What changes might he or she have found at home after twenty years?13.In “Ithaca” (see below) a modern Greek poet uses Ithaca as a symbol, a place that functions as itself in the poem,but also stands for something beyond itself. Explain what you think “arriving in Ithaca” could mean for all of us.Extending and Evaluating14.Do you think Odysseus’ revenge on the suitors and the maids is excessive or too brutal? Explore this question from Odysseus’ viewpoint (remember that he is the rightful king) and from your own modern viewpoint.
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