regardless of the mother’s hepatitis B Advise avoidance of high-risk behaviors Use standard precautions in clinical care Use needleless IV and injection systems in health care Use barrier precautions in situations of contact with blood or body fluids Monitor cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization of reusable devices in patient care settings Avoid multidose vials in patient care settings Hepatitis C Advise avoidance of high-risk behaviors such as IV drug use Use needleless IV and injection systems in health care Use barrier precautions in situations of contact with blood or body fluids Monitor cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization of reusable devices in patient care settings Avoid multidose vials in patient care settings Use standard precautions in clinical care
Chapter 50 – 10 questions Studies Used in the Diagnosis of Biliary Tract and Pancreatic Disease Studies Diagnostic Uses Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) Visualizes the biliary tree and capable of detecting biliary tract obstruction Cholecystogram, cholangiogram Visualize gallbladder and bile duct Celiac axis arteriography Visualize liver and pancreas Laparoscopy Visualize anterior surface of liver gallbladder and mesentery trough a trocar Ultrasonography Show size of abdominal organs and presence of masses Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography Visualize biliary structures and pancreas vi endoscopy Cholesterol levels Elevated in biliary obstruction Criteria for Predicting Severity of Pancreatitis Criteria on admission to hospital Age >55 years WBC >16,000 Serum glucose >200 mg/dL Serum lactose dehydrogenase >350 IU/L AST >250 IU/L Criteria within 48 hours of hospital admission Fall in hematocrit >10% BUN increase >5 mg/dL Serum calcium <8 mg/dL Base deficit >4 mEq/L Fluid retention or sequestration >6 L [email protected] <60 mm Hg Chapter 51 – 15 questions Assessing the Patient with Diabetes History S/S related to DM Adherence to meds, diet, exercise BG Alcohol/Tobacco use Effects/Chronic complications Lifestyle, cultural, economic factors Physical Examination BP (orthostatic) Foot examination BMI Skin examination Funduscopic exam Neurologic exam Visual acuity Oral examination Laboratory Examination Hgb A1C Serum creatinine level Fasting lipid profile Urinalysis Microalbuminuria Electrocardiogram Need for Referrals Opthalmologis Dietition Podiatrist Diabetes educator
General Considerations for Exercise in People with Diabetes Exercise 3 times each week with no more than 2 consecutive days without exercise. Perform resistance training twice a week (for people with type 2). Exercise at the same time of day (preferably when blood glucose levels are at their peak) and for the same duration each session.
- Spring '19
- Diabetes, emotional state, menstrual irregularities