Jane Juffer (1998) argues that it is important to revisit the discourse on masturbation
from the 1970s because there are ‘important and still relevant lessons’ to be learned from it,
The ‘liberation’ of the home as a site of masturbatory activity without regulatory
Masturbation laid the foundation for much of the erotica and porn of the 1980s and
90s, and presented them as basically one and the same.
The emphasis on the female body and its pleasures contributed to the creation of a
hierarchy of appropriate masturbatory activity and fantasy material that was
essentialist and attempted to ‘normalize’ desire.
None of the above are important lessons to be learned from revisiting masturbation
discourse from the 1970s.
According to Ringrose et al.'s (2013) study, the circulation and production of girls'
images are read through hierarchical codes of gendered morality.
According to Siebers (2008), sexual citizenship translates into creating new modes of
access for sex.