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WR150 Portfolio

He was also the director of a lot of african american

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American literature and the ideas of race and sexuality. He was also the director of a lot of African American Literature programs. Byrd is the author or editor of at least ten books, two of which regard Toomer. He has awards from five different universities. Henry Louis Gates Jr. is an esteemed scholar in African American culture. He has over fifty honorary degrees and numerous titles. He is the director of the W.E.B. DuBois Institute and the Alphonse Fletcher University professor at Harvard. Time Magazine has named him one of the top twenty-five most influential people in the country. He has written twelve books and ten documentaries. Gates is also included in the Britannica encyclopedia. Both authors are very accredited in the discussion of African American culture and literature because that was the main focus of their research and studies. Also, their information is accurate because much of it is seen in The Cane Years , which is Toomer’s brief autobiography.
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96 Davis, Charles T. “Jean Toomer and the South”. Cane: Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism . By Jean Toomer. 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2011. 247-61. Print. Charles Davis’ essay focuses on one particular influence in Jean Toomer’s life as he wrote Cane . He argues that the time Toomer spent in Georgia was the most influential because of the profound effect the South had on him. Davis discusses how the land, and the spirit of the African Americans in the South altered Toomer’s view on the race as a whole. Toomer creates his own version of the South that opposed W.E.B. DuBois’ depiction. Davis uses this to propel his argument that there is a certain consciousness in the South. This consciousness is what creates the circular design of Cane . His views are contrasted with Barbara Foley’s because she believes that the most influential aspect was Toomer’s social status. Charles Davis was an established literary critic and scholar. He focused on African American literature, culture and history. Davis taught at multiple universities, some of which were New York University, Yale, University of Iowa and John C. Calhoun College. At Yale, he was the first African American to receive tenure, he founded the African American studies program at the University of Iowa, and became the chair at the Afro- American studies program at Calhoun College. Davis also knew Henry Louis Gates on a very personal level. He wrote three novels and edited four. His most famous work is Black is the Color of the Cosmos .
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97 Jung Foley, Barbara. “Jean Toomer’s Washington and the Politics of Class: From ‘Blue Veins’ to Seventh-street Rebels”. Cane: Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism . By Jean Toomer. 2nd ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2011. 313-39. Print. In her extensive essay, Barbara Foley explores an ignored portion of Toomer’s life. She argues that although race is important when discussing Cane, many critics fail to call attention to Toomer’s socioeconomic statues. She believes that this had a large impact on Toomer’s writing, and ultimately, on Cane . In the first
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