ANTHROPOLOGY 2210 Week 2 PART two History of Archaeology in Canada Beginnings

Anthropology 2210 week 2 part two history of

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ANTHROPOLOGY 2210: Week 2 PART two History of Archaeology in Canada Beginnings to 1946 - Antiquarianism: looking for antiques (for power/prestige) - 19th C. Relic hunting + burial desecration - After the 1860’s > Provincial Museums (archaeology as a discipline is recognized) Nova Scotia first Museum - 1867 CONFEDERATION - development as arch. As a social science - David Boyle, Scottish, 1886 First archaeologist of Ontario, established first journal of arch. - Diamond Jenness: New Zealand born, first with actual degree to come to Canada to practice; gave name of Dorset - Dr. Harlan I. Smith: American, not much formal training in arch. Jessup expedition, Canadian North Pacific Expedition 1897 - 1899. Important to Canada b/c he wanted to create an inventory of Canadian sites - Both arch’s not canadian or properly trained, not much regard for groups they were studying - 1946-1960 Post WW1 growth (huge advancement with technology) - New techniques and new training - Large scale excavations - Can now date things, radio carbon date things, modernization, arch as an actual science begins - 1960-1975 Into the Academy - Expansion of uni’s + gov funding + programs - Canada council 1961 gives funding to arch. research - Kenneth Kidd: St Marie among the Huron, Ontario, (site he worked on ) Royal Ontario Museum member - Richard Johnston, ROM, Serpent Mounds: 1957 - Charles Borden : 1950’s. More scientific methods in arch. Of BC. American. Marople Midden site. Responsible for Borden site number system (covered Canada into grid, started on east and south side, Aa** (latitude and longitude) RbSc Example. - 1975 to present - Legislation to protect endangered heritage sites and rise of CRM (cultural resource management) - After mid 1980’s erosion of gov support for arch.
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- Greater involvement of Indigenous people in controlling their own heritage - What do Canadians think about arch? - Over 50% think people have lived in Canada for less than 5000 years - 31% think less than 100 arch sites in Canada. 67% think there are less than 1000. - Over 50% think it's important + very important for Canadians to learn about Canada’s arch past. - 89% of Canadians think there are federal laws protecting arch sites - 10% strongly agree ppl who find artifacts on public land have legal right to keep them - 28% strongly agree that ppl who find artifacts on their own property have a legal right to keep them - No federal legislation to protect arch resources in Canada - BC Heritage Act> all sites prior to 1846 on private + public land are protected - Crown land has no legislation - 1992 Canadian Archaeological assoc. Statement of principles for ethical conduct pertaining to indig. People - encourage partnerships with indig. Communities in research, management, educ, and sharing of knowledge - support indig. Ppl in formal training programs and recruitment as professional archaeologist - 70% strongly agree that indigenous ppl should be included in the study of aboriginal sites - 43% strongly agree that indigenous people should be allowed to continue to use sacred and traditional sites - 14% strongly agree indigenous people should control the excavation of sites their ancestors created ** waterlogged: Preserved - Archaeology branch: Database
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ANTHROPOLOGY WEEK 3 CLASS 1 How Indigenous communities are denied their archaeological heritage?
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  • Fall '19
  • Aztec, Radiocarbon dating, Mexico City, Models of migration to the New World, Clovis culture

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