o This is a blow to Mao because he sees how notwithstanding Stalins power

O this is a blow to mao because he sees how

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o This is a blow to Mao because he sees how, notwithstanding Stalin’s power during his lifetime, he could be so rapidly denounced following his death Gave Mao a great sense of insecurity “Hundred Flowers Campaign” (1956-1957) o “Let a hundred flowers bloom; let a hundred schools of thought contend.” o Mao was worried about suffering a similar fate to Stalin o He wanted to hear about people’s opinions and criticisms of the government o At the beginning, no one dared to speak out There was a precedent in which, during thought reform in Yan’an, a dissident named Wang Shiwei published criticism (Wild Lilies, 1942) of the CCP was arrested and died in prison In 1957, Mao published, “On the Correct Handling of the Contradictions Among the People” (1957) o “Our society cannot back down, it could only progress…criticism of the bureaucracy is pushing the government toward the better.” “ o He differentiated between antagonistic contradictions (those between you and your enemies) and contradictions among the people. o Mao stated that if his people wanted to criticize him, he would treat it as the latter and not as the former Reassured, professors spoke out o There was an outpouring of grievances o They didn’t like the Soviet Model and the single-party rule o Local party officials were attacked Intellectuals felt that they were not respected by local officials The Anti-Rightist Campaign o Late 1956, things begin to change o Mao is shocked by how much criticism he receives
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o The People’ Daily editorial (which is basically the official mouthpiece of the Party) It acknowledges the criticism it is getting but declares that this criticism is not between the people but rather “between the enemy and the people”— the grievances of the intellectuals have now been labeled antagonistic o Leader of the Anti-Rightist Campaign Deng Xiaoping, a Long March veteran who had studied in France Because of his loyalty to the Revolution, Mao appointed him the leader of the Anti-Rightist Campaign Mao felt that about 5% of the people were bad (as a result of the criticisms) He tasked the population with rooting out the so-called “rightists” among them This became very arbitrary and people became labeled randomly. Many became branded by their enemies as rightists The result was a fearful, paranoid and radical political atmosphere Rightists are sent down to the countryside for hard labor It’s only in the late 1970s (20 years later) that rightists were rehabilitated Was this all intentional on the part of Mao? o Was it a trap to “entice the snakes out of the cave”? Mao did not want to suffer a similar fate as Stalin following his death o Or was he sincerely seeking criticism only to be so in disbelief by the backlash that he changed his mind (feeling that he had to stem discontent by force) o No one really knows what the right answer is The Great Leap Forward o The Decision Behind the “Leap” Problems existed within the Soviet Model of Development The Five-Year Plan and the Soviet style economy (reliance on
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