Three dimensional anticline resembling inverted

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 -- three-dimensional anticline resembling inverted cereal bowl 4.     Basin  -- three-dimensional syncline resembling upright cereal bowl *When brittle deformation occurs and rocks fracture, they can simply crack producing a  fracture with no  offset, called a  joint .   When brittle deformation occurs and rocks fracture, they  can also crack producing a fracture with offset,  called a  fault    
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There are four (4) major faults types in two (2) categories:   1.        Dip-slip faults : associated with vertical  motion Normal fault  -- produced from tensional forces Reverse fault -- produced from compressional forces 2.      Strike-slip faults : associated with horizontal  motion Right-lateral strike-slip fault  -- right side comes towards you as you peer across Left-lateral strike-slip fault  -- left side comes towards you as you peer across  
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Geologists must have a way of orienting the rock formations such that they can be visualized in a horizontal as well as a  vertical frame of reference. The measurement of rock unit orientation is called its  attitude .   Strike  -- measurement of horizontal attitude in relation to true north  on a map. Dip  -- measurement of vertical attitude as unit trends into  the earth.
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