Blacks and Hispanics are just as likely to hold jobs after leaving welfare, but are more likely to return to welfare than white women for 4 reasons:1. Poor black and Hispanic women are less likely to have a solid education and to cohabitate or marry than white women are, characteristics associated with longer welfare assistance2. Networks enveloping white women, supportive family and friends, usually are more privilegedthan those enveloping nonwhite women3. White single mothers receive assistance from several different kinds of programs at much higher rates than single mothers of color, who rely heavily on TANF4. Women of color face many different obstacles in the labor market. They face discrimination
and unequal access to good wages and positions of powerstudies found that black women with college degrees make less than a white man with only a high school diplomaDoes Welfare Lead to Dependency?
Clinton, along with many other Americans today, thought that welfare made people dependent on the governmentThis has been in the media and has become a hot topic for debate (also about women’s’ dependency)Contrary to popular belief most people on welfare want to work and do work, they cannot solely survive off welfare benefits. Many participate in care work jobsPeople do not stay on welfare for a long time, even before TANF 30% of the people on welfare were off it in 2 yearsThe uncertainty and skimpy pay of low wage work does force many poor families to return to welfare after having left it-90% of those who use welfare during some point in their life will use it again-but this pattern is because of the realities of living and laboring at the bottom of the income ladderMost families rely on welfare between jobs or when struggling through a family emergency Welfare recipients have been slandered by politicians and the popular pressAt the time of Clintons welfare reform act, two congressmen compared welfare recipients to wildanimals who had lost their ability to survive in the wildRonald Reagan- Cadillac-driving “welfare queens” with “a tax free income of over $150,00”When politicians talk about welfare and anti-welfare line, they evoke racially coded languageEx. David Duke, former grand wizard of the kkk who won a seat in the Louisiana House of Representatives “those who abuse welfare”Media has portrayed people on welfare in a negative light as lazy and lascivious and some haveblackened the role as if SS were the only ones who benefited from itMany American’s see welfare as a racialized policyMartin Gilens (in his book)-most whites hate welfare because they assume that the majority of welfare recipients are “lazy blacks” undeserving of the government’s helpWhites who label blacks as lazy are less wiling to spend money on welfare and many believe that blacks rather be on welfare then get a job and make money themselves. They think that welfare only benefits nonwhitesWhen Affirmative Action Wasn’t White