Young mans shoulders droop even further he stares at the ground shifts his

Young mans shoulders droop even further he stares at

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Young man’s shoulders droop even further, he stares at the ground, shifts his weigh from foot to foot, and tugs at his shirt. Starts to say something but stops. Head of the Village offers him a seat and asks what he wants. Young man hesitates, stammers for a minute , then says that he has come to invite Head of the Village to a wedding. Old man sitting next to me in shop: “Boy, he’s so malu with the Head of the Village (that) he almost forgot why he came!” Author: “Why is he malu?” Old man: “Because that’s the Head of the Village!” A: “So?” Old man: “So, he’s just a poor fella, young, barely a man, not even related to anyone around here – he’s a ‘little guy,’ a nobody, so he’s malu to talk to a ‘big guy’ like the Head of the Village.” 53 Los Angeles Bengkulu 54 Exaptation of Shame Social animals, including humans Dominance ranking Physical contest Humans Prestige rankings Across many dimensions Rule compliance Failing to meet a minimum standard for social acceptability Failing to be like and do as, rather than be better than, other members of the group 55 From Simple Shame to Complex Shame Subordination shame: ancestral shame, shared with nonhuman primates, but no longer central for humans Other seen as dominant, one interacts with the other, one feels shame Social-rule shame Know the social rule, know of the others, know that the others would disapprove, one feels shame Darwin: “thinking about what others think about us” 56
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11/17/19 15 Sanctity/Degradation Care/harm foundation Mill’s harm principle: people should be free to do anything that does not harm others, or harms them with their full consent Consensual cannibalism? Consensual “harmless” incest? 57 Left Can Be Moved by Purity, Innocently or Dangerously Anna Sergeyevna, Bolshevik cadre Called small children "kulak bastards,” screaming "Bloodsuckers!”…. pariahs, untouchables, vermin. They would not sit down at a "parasite's" table; the "kulak" child was loathsome ; the young "kulak" girl was lower than a louse…as cattle , swine, loathsome, repulsive; they had no souls; they stank; they all had venereal diseases; they were enemies of the people Sacred earth, against the polluters Healthy food Clean environment Antifa: fascism is hidden, virulent, contagious, requires removal, extermination Trump sometimes appeals to disgust at bodily fluids, guarding of boundaries Disgust is reciprocated back at him 58 Left Authoritarians? In short run, Sanctity/degradation Authority/subversion Loyalty/betrayal Intending to accomplish in the long run Care/harm Fairness/cheating 59
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