DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

College campus police also special district police

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College Campus Police also Special District police force, many have been certified as law enforcement agencies with general arrest power 72. Peacekeeping and Maintaining Order – just as important if not more important than crime fighting a. “social” disturbances, drunkenness, group of teenagers in from of house, individuals call the police to maintain a social boundary, to defuse a nasty situation b. 80% of situations require no formal action, police exercise discretion to handle the situation 73. Drug Education in schools – DARE – Drug Abuse Resistance Program – is proving successful 74. Traffic Enforcement – most dangerous because dangerous criminals may be stopped and due to the negative reaction of the person being stopped 75. Domestic Disturbances – officers can’t do anything about other than defuse the situation a. Domestic Violence – a serious crime has been committed to officers can exercise arrest powers, research however, indicates officers are reluctant to do that a.i. Options include: arrest, mediation, dispersal of the parties, refer to social services, or no action
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a.ii. Some states have implemented mandatory arrest for felony assault in a domestic violence situation, in attempt to take the pressure off the women to ask for an arrest and/or eliminate fear of reprisal 76. Victimless Crimes – prostitution, gambling, and drug offenses a. Difficult to track down, no complaints issued b. Police resort to undercover work 77. Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) stores, a. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) b. The Fingerprinting Program c. Other information to assist law enforcement in solving and preventing crime 78. Homelessness – has risen in the last two decades, police have shifted to dealing with the underlying issues (mental health or financial services) to get them off the street 79. Juvenile Crime – two philosophies a. Rigid law enforcement approach b. Crime preventative approach – concentrates on the advising and counseling juveniles; alternative to arrest c. When a juvenile is taken into custody for a status offense, the officer is acting in “loco parentis” means “in place of the parent”, not to punish but to protect the youth from harmful behavior c.i. Status Crime- underage drinking and truancy 80. Parens Patriae – Latin for “The State as Parent” - the state has a duty to care for children who are neglected or delinquent and assume role of parent if necessary 81. Cybercrime Division – introduced in 2001, to deal with the menace of intellectual property, high-tech and computer crime 82. Criminal Investigative Division – CID – within the FBI – is responsible for organized crime, violent crime, racketeering, and money laundering 83. CIA – formed in 1947 by President Truman, manages, coordinates and analyzes the country’s intelligence activities that affect national security, CIA is limited to reporting intelligence, leaving policy decisions to senior government officials a.
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