D1-The-Ultimate-Student’s-Guide-to-Preparing-for-the-AP-Spanish-Language-Exam-v2.pdf

Dijisteis trajiste trajisteis produjiste produjisteis

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dijisteis trajiste trajisteis produjiste produjisteis dijo dijeron trajo trajeron produjo produjeron Querer: quis- Saber: sup- *ir and ser are the same verb Quise quisimos supe supimos in the preterite. Quisiste quisisteis supiste supisteis Quiso quisieron supo supieron Once you find the patterns, these are easy! The key to the preterite is practice.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 43 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] Imperfect Tense The imperfect is another form of the past tense, used for habitual actions and descriptions in the past. This tense is much simpler than the preterite, but the tricky part is using them together (more on this in the Preterite vs. Imperfect section). Here’s the good news: there are only three irregular verbs in the imperfect! -AR verb endings -ER / -IR verb endings -aba -ábamos -ía -íamos -abas -abáis -ías -íais -aba -aban -ía -ía Irregulars Ir Ser Ver Iba íbamos era éramos veía veíamos Ibas íbais eras erais veías veíais Iba iban era eran veía veían Preterite vs. Imperfect This is one of the trickiest concepts in Spanish, and one of the most important to grasp for the AP exam. It can be tough to decide which form of the past tense to use, even after years of experience speaking Spanish . But there is good news: we have all the general rules you need to master the past tense. With these tools in your belt, you can tackle even the toughest narrative.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 44 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] PRETERITE 1. One action that interrupts another (hint: ‘ cuando ’ often indicates this use) Estaba lavando los platos cuando entró mi mamá. 2. Action during a specific time period / with a definite beginning and end, no matter how long (two hours, the month of September, sophomore year of high school, etc.) Fuimos de vacaciones durante el mes de octubre. 3. Action that is completed or that happened only once (common examples that usually use preterite over imperfect: decir, entrar, salir, abrir, cerrar) Roberta me dijo que no le gustaba la camisa. 4. To indicate a sudden change in mood or state Me enojó la entrada de mi hermano. 5. An action that was repeated a specific number of times Se cepilló los dientes dos veces por esa mañana. IMPERFECT Any past action without a specific beginning or end Cuando era niña, asistía a la escuela de mi barrio. 1. Habitual action Siempre me levantaba a las seis por la mañana cada día.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 45 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] 2. Action in progress Estaba caminando por la calle. 3. Ongoing action that is then interrupted Estaba contando el dinero cuando abrió la puerta.
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