MSL101L11 Army Performance Triad SR.docx

Of all adults meet these guidelines and less than

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of all adults meet these guidelines and less than three in ten high school students get at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day (Matthew et al., 2008). With Americans spending more time in sedentary behaviors, it is not surprising that less than 18 percent of American youths do not meet the CDCs physical activity guideline (HHS, 2008). Lack of physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle adds to obesity rates in young people and are among the foremost reasons why 17 to 24 year olds are unfit for military service (Christenson, Taggart & Messner-Zidell, 2010). In addition to exercise guidelines, the Performance Triad also stresses activity throughout the day—to sit less and move more. Avoiding sedentary behavior in 5
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MSL101: Introduction to the Army Revision Date: 31 March 2017 Lesson 11: Army Performance Triad Student Readings this way reduces the risk for cardiovascular diseases and other chronic conditions (Owen et al., 2010; Thorp et al., 2011; Booth et al., 2012). Nutrition Given increased obesity rates in the United States, it is ironic that this segment of the population is more likely to be undernourished (Go et al., 2014). Most American with poor diets obtain more than a third of their calories from sugar and high fat foods (Roger et al., 2011). The military has similar issues as approximately 83 percent report poor nutrition behaviors (CSF, 2014) and getting nearly 40 percent of the calories from sugar and high fat foods. Poor nutrition increases risk for injuries, obesity and diseases. Obesity is limiting the number of young people considered fully qualified for service and recruiting fully qualified individuals for military service is expected to become increasingly challenging. In our fiscally constrained environment it becomes even more important that the Army does what it can to improve or optimize the performance of the young people we access. To improve the nutrition fitness standards of Soldiers, the effort cannot begin during initial military training such as basic training or basic officer leadership course but earlier on the path to becoming a professional Soldier and tactical athlete. Improving nutrition fitness standards begins with performance fueling. It requires nutrient rich meals throughout the day in order to build nutritional fitness. Choosing nutrient rich foods supports muscle growth, recovery, tissue repair, immune function, and will improve mental and physical performance. Another component of performance fueling is nutrient timing, which applies to the tactical timing of fuel nutrients and fluids, matched to the work performed. One of the seven Performance Triad targets is, refuel 30-60 minutes after strenuous training. Eating regular meals along with post training or post exercise fueling helps the brain and muscles receive the energy needed to perform optimally for current and subsequent training. Fueling before exercise can improve overall performance by 25-50 percent (Jentjens et al., 2003) and 6
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MSL101: Introduction to the Army Revision Date: 31 March 2017 Lesson 11: Army Performance Triad Student Readings re-fueling immediately after exercise improves recovery and energy stores by 50 percent (Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 2009).
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