This theory equips the nurse with a tool sunrise

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plan. This theory equips the nurse with a tool (sunrise enabler) and research to justify the importance of culturally competent care Strengthens nurse’s commitment to building relationships with patients Encourages nurses to first be aware of their own social, cultural, economic, educational, environmental factors The theory will only grow in relevance as the nursing world becomes more multicultural (Gonzalo, 2019; Smith & Parker, 2015) 25
26 Barriers to Implementing Theory o Culturally competent care is difficult to teach as culture generalities are rarely applicable to all individuals within a culture and may lead to stereotyping o Baseline knowledge is still necessary, but individual culture assessment still required by nursing to improve compliance and health status o Culture competency assessment tools exist but are difficult to quantify success of education o Competence is not gained through a few days or even a few years. Nurses must commit themselves to lifelong learning and development. They must adopt humble and teachable spirits at all times. (Grant & Letzring, 2003)
Parse’s Theory of Humanbecoming 27 (Smith & Parker, 2015) Nursing is practiced in relationships with individuals, groups, and communities in their process of becoming with the primary concern on patient’s living quality with human dignity Every patient must be treated as a unique expert on their own health Centered around three themes: meaning, rhythmicity, and transcendence Sciencing humanbecoming is coming to know, an ongoing inquiry to discover and understand the meaning of universal living experiences Each nurse’s humanbecoming goal is to be in true presence, bearing witness, and being with others in their changing patterns of living quality, without labeling, objectifying, or stereotyping
Applicatio n to Current Practice 28 Humanbecoming 80/20 model (80% of nursing time spent in direct patient care guided by humanbecoming, and 20% spent learning about humanbecoming) implemented on four units in 2007 Higher scores of patient and nurse satisfaction, reduced sick time and overtime Study in 2009 revealed how the humanbecoming method helps describe the lived experience of fear in the elderly and lays out how to assess and intervene to reduce fear/make use of fear appropriately The ten elderly participants revealed deeper understanding of fear and identified meaning, patterns of relating, and views for the future Ethics education requires the concept of respect for human dignity. Applying method to education is consistent with ethics requisites Nurses equipped to treat patients with basic human dignity and respect, increasing patient satisfaction and enhancing nurse-patient relationship (Baumann, 2009; Bournes & Ferguson-Paré, 2007; Kalb & O'Conner-Von, 2007; Smith & Parker, 2015)
Benefits to Nursing Satisfaction 29 Bournes and Ferguson-Paré (2007) reported that implementation of humanbecoming model showed an effective basis for nurse training and that both patients and families they appreciated the reverent consideration given them by nurses who had learned

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