transboundary movement shall within 15 days of making that decision inform the

Transboundary movement shall within 15 days of making

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transboundary movement shall, within 15 days of making that decision, inform the Parties through the Biosafety Clearing-house (BCH); In return, each Party shall make available to the BCH copies of any national laws, regulations and guidelines applicable to the import of such LMOs on their national territory. 19
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Risk Assessment and Risk Management (Articles 15 & 16) Annex III specifies the scope of risk assessment Scientific sound manner; transparency; case by case Absence/Lack or insufficiency of scientific knowledge or scientific consensus does not indicate an absence of risk or an acceptable risk Each Party shall establish and maintain appropriate mechanisms, measures and strategies to regulate, manage and control risks and to prevent unintentional transboundary movements of LMOs 20
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Handling, Transport, Packaging and Identification (Article 18) Each Party takes necessary measures to require that LMOs are handled, packaged and transported under conditions of safety The Protocol sets minimal measures concerning documentation accompanying LMOs that are subject to transboundary movements: LMOs-FFP, LMOs for contained use, LMOs for intentional introduction in the environment. N.B. Not to confuse identification/documentation of LMOs under the Protocol with “labelling” in everyday use 21
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Information Sharing and the Biosafety Clearing-House (Article 20) A clearing-house (BCH) is established to: Facilitate the exchange of scientific, technical, environmental and legal information and experience with LMOs Assist Parties to implement the Protocol 22
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Characteristics of the BCH (continued) Open to all governments Was developed as a distributed network composed of a Central Portal maintained by the Secretariat and national nodes or data bases that are inter-operable with the Central Portal Information is controlled and managed by the supplier Management Centre BCH National Focal Points Designed for use via the Internet but non-internet options are available upon request 23
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Capacity Building (Article 22) Parties cooperate in the development and/or strengthening of human resources and institutional capacities Cornerstone for the implementation of the Protocol An Action Plan adopted by governments at the first meeting of the Parties (February 2004); updated at the third meeting of the Parties (March 2006) A Roster of Experts in biosafety has been established to help developing country Parties with the implementation of the Protocol, especially concerning risk assessment and risk management of LMOs in order to make informed decisions regarding imports of LMOs. 24
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Socio-Economic Considerations (Article 26) In reaching a decision on import, Parties may take into account socio-economic considerations arising from the impact of LMOs on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, especially with regard to the value of biological diversity to indigenous and local communities However, this must be consistent with other international obligations 25
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Liability and Redress (Article 27) The Protocol provides for a process to elaborate
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