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direct=true&db=f5h&AN=17910229&site=eds-live&scope=site">Indian Removal & the Trail of Tears.</A>Database:MasterFILE PremierIndian Removal & the Trail of Tears The initial colonization of the North American continent broughtwith it continual conflict between white settlers and Native Americans. Populated areas quickly became overcrowded, leaving the influx of new arrivals to settle outlying lands that belonged to the local Indian tribes, who were often unwilling to move. The United States government created many oppressive, anti-Indian land-reform policies throughout the years between the War of 1812 and the Civil War. The goal of such government action was to open up the lands east of the Mississippi River for white settlers by evicting the five Indian tribes of the East Coast and relocating them to the dry, arid lands in the west. The government's involvement in forced exileof the Cherokee and other tribes became known as the Trail of Tears, and reached its peak under the direction of President Andrew Jackson. For years the United States coerced,
manipulated and bullied the tribes of the Seminole, Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee and Chickasaw into relinquishing their tribal grounds. Although the tribes that were unwilling to give up theirhomes fought back against the federal government, their valiant efforts to maintain their lands and dignity were unsuccessful.Jackson and the IndiansThe Proclamation of 1763 forced colonists to remain east of the Appalachian Mountains, and all land west of this natural barrier was reserved for Native Americans. However, by the 1800's, American cities were growing and the settlers were itching to move westward onto Native American lands.Because of the settlers' desire for more land, tensions grew between Native Americans and European Americans as NativeAmerican tribes were forced from their homes. The first Seminole War of 1817-1819, fought in the territory of Florida, demonstrated the volatile nature of the relationship between the US government and Native American tribes. General Andrew Jackson marched on Florida in an effort to gain possession of the lands from the Spanish and Indian tribes. The Seminole tribe was determined to hold their ground, but the Jackson's forces were too strong. His troops forcibly took a Seminole-held fort at Prospect Bluff, Florida, and continued their march, attacking and conquering a Seminole village led by Chief Neamathla.