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example in the Agnes case, a male is doing gender by taking a woman’s arm and help her walk across a street and a woman is doing gender by complying to be guided and not acting weird with the man. The difference between doing gender and social scientific perspectives on sex and gender is that people see sex and gender as the same meaning and doing gender is depending if you’re a male or female.8.(#11) How do biologist Anne Fausto-Sterling’s findings regarding the intersexed challenge the Western notion of a two-sex system? Be sure to provide a definition of the “intersexed,” and explicitly discuss how such individuals complicate the sexual binary. Intersexed individuals challenge the Western notion of the two-sexed system because merms, ferms, and herms cannot be put into the sex category of male or female because they are not specifically male or female.9.(#12) Briefly discuss the ways in which, according to Tibbals, servers in the concept restaurant “do gender” differently than servers in the family restaurant. Be sure to define “doing gender.” In the family restaurant there were two types of waitresses: the neutering one and the sexy one. They were permitted because it was in order to receive higher tips. For example, the neutering one will pay extra attention to her customers whereas the sexyone wears tighter fitting clothes and flirts. In the concept restaurant personalizing one’s outfit or books was not allowed this gives their waitresses a small opportunity to express themselves gender wise and confirmed all the wait staff to look a certain way in which it was difficult to tell them apart. Doing Gender: Involves a complex of socially guided perceptual, interactional and micro political activities that cast particular pursuits as expressions of masculine and feminine “natures” 10. (#13) Hartmann notes that people debate over the degree to which there are physiological (i.e., biological/essentialist) components to gendered differences in boys’ and girls’ play. Discuss the two keys sociological points he makes to support his constructivist interpretation of the role sports play in teaching boys what it means to be “masculine.” How, according to Hartmann, do 4
sports contribute to the maintenance and reinforcement of “masculine” norms?Hartman discusses two ways that sports teach boys to be masculine. First, family, friends and coaches encourage competitiveness within male sports. Second, behaviors and attitudes are centered in the athletic nature are not just about playing sports, but what it generally means to be masculine. If a man cannot play sports, the feeling of masculinity is maintained by being a fan, coach, wearing athletic gear. They do this in order to feel like a man. 5