14 Heart flashcards.doc

41 what condition results when an embolism lodges 42

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41. What condition results when an embolism lodges: 42. In a coronary artery? 43. In the brain? 44. In the lungs? If the embolism lodges in the coronary arteries - myocardial infarct (Heart attack ). If the embolism lodges in an artery in the brain -- stroke
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Heart Flashcards If the embolism lodges in the lungs- pulmonary embolism 45. What is a procedure to inject dye into the arteries and x-ray to see if there is narrowing (sclerosis) of a vessel? 46. If an artery is too narrow, what procedure can be performed to open it up? An ANGIOGRAM An ANGIOPLASTY 47. What procedure can be done when a Coronary artery has become almost completely blocked from plaques and requires a vessel transplant? 48. What vessel is used for this procedure? CORONARY BYPASS. saphenous vein 49. What is a sac-like outpouching of an artery? 50. What is the result if it is located in the brain, and ruptures? Aneurysm Stroke 51. Coronary artery disease terms: 52. -What is A THEROSCLEROSIS ? 53. -What is Angina Pectoris ? 54. -What is Myocardial infarction? 55. -What is Silent Ischemia? Atherosclerosis- Fatty deposits Angina pectoris- chest pain Myocardial infarction- blocked coronary artery Silent ischemia- lack of blood flow that happens to not cause any pain or other symptoms; leads to unexpected heart attack. 56. What is Congestive Heart failure ? 57. Describe some traits: Congestive Heart failure: Progressive weakening of the heart Blood backs up into lungs (may clog up blood) Cannot meet the body’s demand for oxygenated blood 58. What is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy ? Define Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a congenital condition where the walls of the left ventricle are so thick that the lumen is too small to hold much blood. 59. When does the heart first start beating? at the end of the fourth week 60. The foramen ovale in the fetus gives rise to what structure in the adult? FOSSA OVALIS.
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  • Fall '08
  • Harrison,C

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