Security 1 this set of mechanisms are for instance

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( Security 1) This set of mechanisms are for instance monitoring and controlling the ratio of births to deaths, the rate of reproduction, the fertility of a population, illness, longevity (Foucault, Society 243). As Galloway notes, Foucault’s biopolitics is not necessarily an ideology, but ‘a historical condition in which biology is brought into the domain of politics; it is the moment at which ‘life itself’ plays a particular role in the ongoing management of the population’ ( The Exploit 71).
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62 G iorgio Agamben transformed biopolitics into an ideology when he added the concept of ‘bare life’. In Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, published in 1995, Agamben explains extensively the political state of the human in the sovereign state. Bare life is the condition of a human stripped off his political possibilities and deprived of any rights. The individual who is condemned to bare life, has no agency over his of her life anymore (Agamben 5). In The Exploit, Galloway argues that the relation between life and politics in the technoscientific frame is never stable. In both the sovereign state and liberal democratic formations, we can find the bare life as well as qualified living conditions of the citizen (Galloway, The Exploit 76). Bare life is a concept that must not be used lightly, since it is that state of a person whose life can be killed, without it having any consequences for the state (46). Agamben refers to Jews that were kept prisoner and killed in the camps during the Holocaust (57). Of course , Mae’s life as described in the Circle cannot be compared to this. But The Circle shows us the very combination of bare life and a qualified life of the citizen. One the on hand, Mae enjoys a fairly luxurious life, can feed herself with the best locally grown organic food and wear the most responsible clothes. On the other, her life experiences, feelings, are exploited by the company and used to complete the Circle. Someone’s life who could be eliminated in The Circle is Mae’s ex -boyfriend Mercer. His character in the novel exists between the Internet’s protocol of eliminating no links and eliminating dead links (Galloway, Protocol 66). On the one hand, the Internet’s continuity is safe guarded by the idea that there cannot be any ‘dead ends’ on the Internet. Galloway stresses that each page must go somewhere else; even if that somewhere else is back ( Protocol 66). As we have seen in The Circle, within social media, people are considered the links in the network that is the Internet. But Mercer wishes to not participate in the Circle’s network anymore and wants to be off the grid entirely. In this sense, the figure of Mercer will not lead to any other people through the Circle’s network (s ince he is not on it), and can then be considered a ‘dead link’. Dead links must be avoided at all time, which justifies the Circle’s follower’s endless approaches to include Mercer into the Circle again.
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