10 When it comes to the protecting animal interests the United States is far

10 when it comes to the protecting animal interests

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10.When it comes to the protecting animal interests, the United States is far ahead of Europe.11.According to Jeremy Bentham, the question is not whether animals can feel pain, but whether they can talk and reason.12.Advocates of a naturalistic ethic contend that some natural objects are morally considerable in their own right, apart from human interests.13.Moral vegetarians are people who reject the eating of meat on moral grounds.14.According to William F. Baxter, we ought to respect the "balance of nature" and "preserve the environment" even if doing so brings no benefit to human beings.15.A moral of Garrett Hardin's parable "The Tragedy of the Commons" is that there can be a difference between the private costs and the social costs of a business activity.16.William T. Blackstone rejects the idea that each person has a human right to a livable environment on the grounds that it is technically infeasible.17.Three approaches have gained the most attention when it comes to achieving our environmental goals: the use of regulations, incentives, and pricing mechanisms.
18.According to Joel Feinberg, we can predict various interests of future generations.19.Thanks to the EPA, the federal government long ago eliminated the problem of potentially harmful pesticides and other chemical residues in food.20.According to Cambridge University biologist Andrew Balmford, the loss of nature's services is usually outweighed by the benefits of development.21.An ordinary example of an ecosystem is a pond.22.One of the attitudes prevalent in business that has led to increased environmental problems is the tendency to view the natural world as a free and unlimited good.23.The international fishing industry as it exists today gives us good reason to reject the moral of Garrett Hardin's "Parable of the Commons."24.The rising affluence of people in the United States has meant a corresponding decrease in pollution and its attendant environmental problems in the United States.25.Any equitable solution to the problem of who should pay the bill for environmental cleanup should take into account responsibility as well as benefit.SHORT ANSWER1.What is the meaning of "ecology"?2.What's an "externality"? Give an environmental example of an externality.3.Explain a cost-benefit analysis, and how is it relevant to environmental issues?4.What's a "free rider"?5.Briefly describe the two popular answers to the question of who should pay the costs
of environmental protections and restorations.ESSAY1.Is it appropriate to have a “valley of death” as described in Case 7.2? If you worked for one of the factories how would you justify the fumes? If you take an environmental view, how would confront the problem?2.Is it a moral right or privilege for human beings to live in a clean environment? Defend your answer.3.Does that fact that McDonald’s gave in to public opinion mean that all businesses should do the same? Is there ever a time that a business can tell environmentalists that they will not abide by the regulations or requests? Defend your answers.4.Are there any differences between environment ethics for humans and animals? Defend your answers.5.Would you propose an incentive based program to challenge companies to reduce their environmental liability? Give an example of how this can be done and whether it could ever be effective. Defend your answer.

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