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Culture and sensitivity6The following patients each have a bacterial infection requiring antibacterial drug therapy. Which patientwill likely require the most long-term follow-up care by the nurse?An elderly woman with a recent pacemaker insertion7When caring for infants and the elderly who are in need of an antimicrobial agent, the nurse is aware that when compared with doses for young and middle-aged adults, these patients may requirea lower dose.8A nurse is caring for an African-American man who has an infection. Which of the following drug therapies would the nurse question if ordered for this patient?A sulfonamide9Which of the following nursing actions is most important in achieving successful antimicrobial therapy with vancomycin?Promote adequate intake of fluids and nutrients10
Which of the following is the most important nursing action to help prevent antimicrobial resistance in health care settings?Good hand-washing between each patient contact11A nurse is aware that the concept of selective toxicity is foundational to antimicrobial therapy. Which of the following statements most accurately describes selective toxicity?A drug harms microbes without harming human cells.12An immunocompromised patient in a critical care setting has developed a respiratory infection that has been attributed to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The nurse should anticipate that the patient will require treatment withvancomycin.13Assessment of a newly-admitted patient reveals the characteristic signs and symptoms of cellulitis to the back of her hand. A swab of the patient's wound was ordered upon admission, but the results of culture and sensitivity (C&S) testing are not yet available. What strategy will most likely be adopted to treat this patient's infection?Empiric antimicrobial therapy will be implemented until laboratory results are available.14A nurse has questioned why a patient's physician has prescribed a narrow-spectrum antibiotic rather than a broad-spectrum drug in the treatment of a patient's infection. Which of the following facts provides the best rationale for the use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics whenever possible?The use of broad-spectrum antibiotics can create a risk for a superinfection.15A 70-year-old woman has been prescribed an antimicrobial drug for the treatment of a urinary tract infection (UTI). What teaching point should the nurse prioritize when providing patient education?“Make sure that you take all the pills that you're prescribed, even if your infection gets better.”