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Deontology: Each person is treated as an end to him/herself not a mean to an endOverarching standardsRule-based approach Identify and apply certain threshold standards of moral behavior to real problems across various circumstances and cultures Overarching standard of moral behavior Rule & people can’t make exceptions for themselves Treat others the way you want to be treated Rule based on 10 commandments Every person’s action should be judge morally by asking “Can this action be justified by reason that are uniformly applicable to all other persons?”Basically, if everyone else can do the same thing and it be okayDeposition:testimony of a witness taken outside of court, under oath, both parties presentDerivative Lawsuit:Filed by shareholders on behalf of the companyoEssentially allows shareholders to force the corporation to sue that are liable to the corporationDerivative Actions:oSuits brought on behalf of the corporation are called derivative suitsbecause the shareholder’s right to sue derives from wrongs done primarily to the corporation and not to the shareholder individuallyoStrike suit,a spurious suit brought not to benefit the corporation but to blackmail defendants into a settlement that will personally profit plaintiffs and their attorneyDesign Patents:May be granted to anyone who invents a new original and ornamental design for an article of manufactureDirect LawsuitIndividual shareholder’s files againstcompany or other shareholders or outside 3rdparties.oWhen shareholder bring forth a claim based on shareholder’s ownership of sharesoEx: TRUMP V CHENGDisabilities discrimination:Congress prohibited discrimination against handicapped employees in Rehabilitation Act of 1973, but this only applied to federal government agencies, business having contracts with federal agencies or programs that receive federal fundingIn 1990, the Americans with Disabilities act was passed which provides comprehensive protection to disabled persons.However, employers are not under obligation to hire disabled workers if they aren’t qualified for the job. If the individual is not qualified for the job but would be if the employer made "reasonable accommodations", then the law views the individual as being qualifiedDischarge Cases:Plaintiff is within a federallyprotected classPlaintiff is performing job satisfactorilyPlaintiff was dischargedPlaintiff’s work was then assigned to someone who was not within a protected class15
Discretionary powers:investigate powers, rulemaking powers and enforcement powersDiscrimination:Title VII of the CRA ‘64 (733)oProhibits Race, national origin, religion, sex (only M, F) discriminationoOnly applies to businesses with 15+ employeesoCompany must engage in interstate or international commerceAlso applies to state and local governmentsoEEOC and TWCEqual Employment Opportunity CommissionAfter receiving complaints, the Commission helps take conciliation measures, or file suit in federal district court.