War broke out when the miliart ordered the hunting bands onto reservations When

War broke out when the miliart ordered the hunting

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 6 pages.

War broke out when the miliart ordered the hunting bands onto reservations. Whenthe bands failed to report, the army went after them in the winter of 1876. During that year, some of the most famous battles on the Great Plains took place. The first three were great Indian victories. The final five were victories for the army and brought the resistance of the Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho to a virtual close.At Powder River in Montana in March 1876, Oglala and Northern Cheyenne warriors under Crazy Horse repelled a cavalry attack led by Colonel Joseph Reynolds. At Rosebud Creek in June, Crazy Horse's warriors routed General George Cook's huge force of soldiers and their CROW and SHOSHONE allies. Then also in June, along with Little Bighorn River, Oglala under Crazy Horse and Hunkpapa under Sitting Bull and Gall, plus their Cheyenne allies, wiped out Custer's Seventh Cavalry.The Battle of Little Bighorn is the most famous battle in all the Indian Wars. It is also called Custer's Last Stand of the Battle of Greasy Grass. George Armstrong Custer was a vain, ambitious, and impulsive young cavalry officer, called "Long Hair" by the Indians because of his long blonde locks. He was trying to use the Indian wars as a means to further his own career. Although he had had success as a Union officer in the Civil War, his only victory to date inthe Indian wars had been against Black Kettle's peaceful band of Southern Cheyenne in the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in 1868. He brashly underestimated his opponents.When his scouts spotted the Indian camp along the Little Bighorn, rather than wait for reinforcements under General Alfred Terry and Colonel John Gibbon, Custer divided his men into four groups and ordered an attack. In a series of separate actions against the divided force, the Indians managed to kill at least250 soldiers, including Custer's entire detachment and the lieutenant colonel himself.This was the last great Indian victory on the Plains. The follwing battles proved disastrous for the Sioux and their allies. In July 1876, at War Bonnet Creek in Nebraska, a force under Colonel Wesley Merrit intercepted and defeated about 1,000 Northern Cheyenne, who were on their way to join up with Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. In September 1876, at Slim Buttes in South Dakota, GeneralCrook's advance suard captured American Horse's combined Oglala and Miniconjou band. In November 1876, in the Battle of Dull Knife in Wyoming, Colonel Ranald Machenzie's troops routed Dull Knife's band of Northern Cheyenne. In January 1877, at Wolf Mountain in Montana, General Nelson Mile's soldiers defeated Crazy
Background image
Horse's warriors. Then in May 1877, in the Battle of Lame Deer, General Miles's men defeated Lame Deer's Miniconjou band.Crazy Horse died in 1877, stabbed with a bayonet while trying to escape from prison. Although photographs exist of other Native American from this period of history, there are none of Crazy Horse. He refused to pose for photographers, saying, "Why would you wish to shorten my life by taking my shadow from me."
Background image
Image of page 6

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 6 pages?

  • Fall '15
  • unsure
  • History, Lakota people, Sioux, Crazy Horse

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes