Lecture 04 - The Development of Absolutism

Didnt like cardinal richelieu as prime minister 1620s

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Didn’t like Cardinal Richelieu as prime minister 1620s sought aid from Protestant England La Rochelle, French port in western France, revolted Revolt put down by Louis XIII and Richelieu
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Protestant Opposition Didn’t like Cardinal Richelieu as prime minister 1620s sought aid from Protestant England La Rochelle, French port in western France, revolted Revolt put down by Louis XIII and Richelieu
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Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) Richelieu died 1642, Louis XIII died 1643 Louis XIV 4 years old Anne of Austria (mother of Louis XIV) made regent Cardinal Mazarin became prime minister Continued Richelieu’s policies Nobles and protestants still upset
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Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) Richelieu died 1642, Louis XIII died 1643 Louis XIV 4 years old Anne of Austria (mother of Louis XIV) made regent Cardinal Mazarin became prime minister Continued Richelieu’s policies Nobles and protestants still upset
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Wars of La Fronde Civil wars from 1648-1653 Fronde means “sling” Slings used to break windows of Mazarin and his supporters Anne and Louis XIV forced to flee from Paris Louis grows to distrust nobles and Paris
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The Sun King Louis assumes full power in 1661 King should be the center of the state 1 king, 1 law, 1 religion 1685 Edict of Fountainebleau revoked Edict of Nantes Everyone must be Catholic Forced many of the middle class to flee to German states or England Nobles give up power for very low taxes
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  • Louis XIV, Louis XIV of France, Louis XIII of France

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