Question 4 a the dawes severalty act of 1887

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Question 4 a. The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 dissolved many tribes as legal entities as part of the efforts by American Indian policy reformers to require the civilizing and assimilation of American Indians to white American society. b. The Dawes Severalty Act attempted to make rugged individualists out of the American Indians by setting up individual Indian family heads with 160 free
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acres of private property for cultivation and by abolishing Indian communal tribal ownership of land, overturning a bedrock tradition of American Indian culture. c. The Dawes Severalty Act abolished tribal ownership of land as part of the effort of American Indian policy reformers to civilize American Indians and assimilate them to white American society. d. The Dawes Severalty Act promised American Indians United States citizenship in twenty-five years and full title to their newly granted property holdings if they behaved themselves like “good white settlers.” The probationary period was subsequently lengthened, and full citizenship was not granted to American Indians until 1924. e. Correct answer. The Dawes Severalty Act did not outlaw the sacred Indian Sun (Ghost) Dance. The Indian Ghost Dance had been outlawed in 1884, when Christian reformers combined with American military leaders to persuade the federal government to outlaw the dance. When the Ghost Dance re-emerged in the lands of the Dakota Sioux, the U.S. Army brutally suppressed the dance and killed over two hundred Indian men, women, and children at the fateful Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890. Question 5 a. The western mining frontier was marked by cowboys, prospectors, speculators, and laborers engaging in excessive alcohol drinking in countless saloons, prostitution, vigilante justice, lynching, and a frantic boom and bust municipal political culture in Western mining towns. b. The discovery of gold and silver in the western mining frontier exacerbated the intensity of conflict between whites and American Indians in the West. Gold and silver prospectors aggressively invaded American Indian lands, often backed by U.S. Army Calvary units, to discover and mine for gold and silver located on Indian territorial lands, such as the gold prospectors and supporting U.S. Army calvary units who violated the territorial integrity of the Black Hills of South Dakota. c. The prospecting and amassing of enormous deposits of silver did not cause the United States to go off the gold standard in the 1870s. This development did facilitate the passage of federal law that permitted the redemption of United States paper currency, known as specie, into gold beginning in 1879. d. The mining industry did not remain in the control of independent, small businessmen because of the prospecting activities silver and gold miners on the mining frontier. The capital-intensive, high transportation costs, and expensive equipment necessary for profitable, large scale mining meant that large and often multi-national corporations became the dominant stakeholders in the mining industry.
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