Identity was partially in terms of roles and social

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Identity was partially in terms of roles and social relations of these groups - similar to people who take astrological Zodiac signs very seriously: a key part of who you are and how others relate to you is determined by the moment you happened to be born - More typically: Dou Donggo personhood is determined in part by social relations (Monaghan & Just pp. 71-74) - identity is made up of membership in a criss-crossing set of social groups - kin groups, residential groups, etc. - Elder to La Ninde (the guy who supposedly assaulted ina Mone in the case earlier this semester): - “You think you belong to yourself, but you don’t! You are owned by your parents, you are owned by your kinsfolk, you are owned by your village, you are owned by God. You can’t just do as you please!” - Dou Donggo persons are not autonomous individuals, - but rather persons that are nodes in networks of relationships… - the concept of personhood in the US more on the “egocentric” side - we generally think that persons are - autonomous, - individual, - responsible for self - identity is internal, not fundamentally part of an external social context - so much so that we - tend to cut ourselves loose from our parents - and our parents push us out to achieve our identities on our own - value success in life mainly if it is achieved by our own efforts - without help from the family, government, etc. - the “self-made man” - so much so that people tend to insist that they achieved success independently - downplaying the help they have gotten by being born into a well-off family, getting subsidized student loans and education, etc.
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Intro to Cultural Anthro F 2011 / Owen: Constructing identity… p. 4 - this concept of independent identity is part of our ideal culture - how it is supposed to be, how we say it works - but is it so in our real culture? - isn’t part of your identity also tied to groups you belong to by little or no choice of your own? - family - gender - social race - ethnicity - US citizenship or lack of it - Point: identity is best understood as a combination of egocentric and sociocentric aspects - independent, autonomous identity with permanent qualities - and identity comprised of one’s position in social networks - different cultures emphasize one or the other relatively more - How are individual identities constructed and maintained? How do you establish who you are? - individual identities are created and maintained by social processes - some aspects of identity are chosen by the person - working with what Robbins calls an “identity toolbox” of existing culturally constructed categories - from which individuals choose some and reject others - culturally defined categories of identities - student, athlete, nerd, gangster, theater person, preppie, stoner, “mook”, etc. - and “tools” used to establish these categories - where you hang out - your choice among known, recognized styles of clothes - the music you listen to - phrases you do or don’t say, etc.
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