100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 15 - 18 out of 22 pages.
Tudeh outlaws 1949National Front also out, Foreign Minister executedConservatives intact until 1960Aka it’s a dictatorship because there are no other partiesUS senate hearings begin about how Iran has dealt with US aid1950s sent aid to Iran to contribute to developmentIran uses aid to pay civil servants1959 hearings in Senate where Iran criticized John F Kennedy and Senator FullbrightCoincides with economic downturn in IranShah feels need to reactJFK becomes US PresShah promises free elections, held in 1960 but not taken seriously1961 elections, 1 member of National Front elected1960-1963 are dress rehearsal for revolution May 1961, teachers went on strike for two weeksHeld demonstrations, 4 teachers killed, Prime Minister resignsShows that level of repression is not high yetShah dissolved parliament be/c it is a shamShah feels he has to appease outside supportersNames Ali Amini Prime Minister
Ali Amini becomes Prime Minister in a time of crisisPuts together a progressive cabinet (i.e., leader of teachers union as head of edu)Puts Amini on collision course with ShahShah doesn’t like anyone who tries to run countryAmini well liked in WashingtonForced on Shah by Kennedy AdministrationWas Armenian Ambassador in DCStarts implementing land reformRedistributes land from large landowners to peasantsUS liked/favored thisAnalogy of Cuba, because Cuban revolution had happened on countrysideIdea that this would prevent a revolutionMake peasants farmersWanted to prevent another Cuba, but Iran isn’t CubaCan’t have peasant rebellions in Iran’s countrysideIn Iran, political change had always come from citiesMany landowners not compensated based on their taxes paid on land revenue because of tax evasionIn first half of 1960s, class of landowners disappeared as social classShah loses main supportAmini begins to take a stand against the ShahOver military budgetWent against corruptionWanted to cut budget, Shah said noAmini threatens to resign (thinking Shah would never dare accept a resignation of a man backed by Kennedy)But Shah did accept and Amini resigned (total time 11 months)US administration cared about social justice in IranMore important than democracyShah takes over for Amini as leading force of changeThis satisfies the US, who doesn’t intervene1962, Shah visits USShah begins to plot plans for changeJanuary 1963, Shah comes out with 6 point program to revolutionize IranCalls a referendum (deals directly with the people)Staged, official results falsePoint 1: Land reformLynch pin to modernize IranPoint 2: Sale of state enterprisesIdea of privatization and use proceeds to compensate landowners
Or give them shares (make them modern industrialists)Point 3: Women right to voteAnd be elected, modernizationPoint 4: Army of knowledgeLet 18 year old illiterates go to armyLet literate ones go to village and teach English for two yearsPoint 5: Nationalization of forestsPoint 6: Make workers participate in profits of companies