Tudeh outlaws 1949 National Front also out Foreign Minister executed

Tudeh outlaws 1949 national front also out foreign

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Tudeh outlaws 1949 National Front also out, Foreign Minister executed Conservatives intact until 1960 Aka it’s a dictatorship because there are no other parties US senate hearings begin about how Iran has dealt with US aid 1950s sent aid to Iran to contribute to development Iran uses aid to pay civil servants 1959 hearings in Senate where Iran criticized John F Kennedy and Senator Fullbright Coincides with economic downturn in Iran Shah feels need to react JFK becomes US Pres Shah promises free elections, held in 1960 but not taken seriously 1961 elections, 1 member of National Front elected 1960-1963 are dress rehearsal for revolution May 1961, teachers went on strike for two weeks Held demonstrations, 4 teachers killed, Prime Minister resigns Shows that level of repression is not high yet Shah dissolved parliament be/c it is a sham Shah feels he has to appease outside supporters Names Ali Amini Prime Minister
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Ali Amini becomes Prime Minister in a time of crisis Puts together a progressive cabinet (i.e., leader of teachers union as head of edu) Puts Amini on collision course with Shah Shah doesn’t like anyone who tries to run country Amini well liked in Washington Forced on Shah by Kennedy Administration Was Armenian Ambassador in DC Starts implementing land reform Redistributes land from large landowners to peasants US liked/favored this Analogy of Cuba, because Cuban revolution had happened on countryside Idea that this would prevent a revolution Make peasants farmers Wanted to prevent another Cuba, but Iran isn’t Cuba Can’t have peasant rebellions in Iran’s countryside In Iran, political change had always come from cities Many landowners not compensated based on their taxes paid on land revenue because of tax evasion In first half of 1960s, class of landowners disappeared as social class Shah loses main support Amini begins to take a stand against the Shah Over military budget Went against corruption Wanted to cut budget, Shah said no Amini threatens to resign (thinking Shah would never dare accept a resignation of a man backed by Kennedy) But Shah did accept and Amini resigned (total time 11 months) US administration cared about social justice in Iran More important than democracy Shah takes over for Amini as leading force of change This satisfies the US, who doesn’t intervene 1962, Shah visits US Shah begins to plot plans for change January 1963, Shah comes out with 6 point program to revolutionize Iran Calls a referendum (deals directly with the people) Staged, official results false Point 1: Land reform Lynch pin to modernize Iran Point 2: Sale of state enterprises Idea of privatization and use proceeds to compensate landowners
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Or give them shares (make them modern industrialists) Point 3: Women right to vote And be elected, modernization Point 4: Army of knowledge Let 18 year old illiterates go to army Let literate ones go to village and teach English for two years Point 5: Nationalization of forests Point 6: Make workers participate in profits of companies
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  • Spring '17
  • Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

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