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DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Roe’s structural development theory centered on the

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Unformatted text preview: Roe’s structural development theory centered on the individual’s parent-child relationship. Roe proposed three main types of parent child relationships: Emotional concentration – overprotection or over demanding environment Avoidance of the child – neglecting or rejecting environment Acceptance of the child – casual or loving environment Roe based her structural theory of career development on Maslow 's hierarchy of needs model. The needs of the child would be reflected in the needs the adult sought in the workplace. If a child felt neglected by his or her parents, then a satisfying career choice would be one that afforded him or her lots of opportunity for praise and recognition. The individual is assumed to turn to work to satisfy needs that were not met in childhood. The most recognizable structural development theory of career development was developed by Holland . Holland’s theory is one of personality development and career choice and it emphasizes that the typology of the individual and the typology of the work environment are the two factors that will determine job success. His approach is considered differential because it focuses on the differences between people. Holland divided the working population and the working environement into six types. The six types are: Realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional. Holland suggests that by matching one’s personality type with the type of work environment you can predict job satisfaction. Because people search for a work environment where they can showcase their talents and abilities, they will naturally be happier and more successful in jobs where their personality matches the demands and expectations of the job. The Holland Code is a categorization of over 12000 careers by each of the six personality job environment types. Holland’s Codes are often tested for and referred to in career counseling and the notion that a person’s best occupation choice is rooted in their personality type is quite pervasive today. Development theories of career development take a long-term approach to occupational choice with the emphasis being placed on expression of a person’s self-concept. The developmental theories originate from the notion that as an adolescent, one explores career options and then makes a decision regarding education and eventually gets a job in the profession of choice. The theory is based on the fact that as each decision is made it eliminates other choices and directs the path toward future decisions. The most recent trend in career development theory is that of decision-making . The concept is founded on the idea that each individual has several possible alternatives to choose from at any given point. Each choice comes with identifiable results and consequences and each individual values these results differently....
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