According to evidence from paleontologists and archeologists these species are

According to evidence from paleontologists and

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'southern' and 'ape' respectively. According to evidence from paleontologists and archeologists, these species are likely to have evolved in East Africa about 4 million years ago ( Skinner, et al. 395). They spread within the mainland and ultimately went out of existence about 2 million years ago – however, being extinct does not mean that all species belonging to this genus died. According to Kimbel and Brian , Australopithecus is still in existence (there are living descendants) given that genera including Homo , Kenyanthropus , and Paranthropus developed as sisters of late Australopithecus species (39)
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Surname 2 . Species belonging to Australopithecus genus played major roles in the evolution of modern man since the genus Homo was a derivative of Australopithecus about 3 million years ago ( Skinner et al. 397). However, despite having similar traits to Homo sapiens , they had smaller brains (around a third of the size of modern human brain). Besides, its species were slender and diminutive, standing roughly 1.3 meters and weighed in at a paltry 67 pounds ( Skinner et al. 398). Australopithecus lived in the savannah exploiting arboreal resources and moved efficiently among trees. They are believed to have been foragers and scavengers – gathered wild plant foods, scavenged game from carnivore kills, and opportunistic hunters.
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Surname 3 Works Cited Kimbel, William H., and Brian Villmoare. "From Australopithecus to Homo: the transition that wasn't." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 371.1698 (2016): 20150248. Skinner, Matthew M., et al. "Human-like hand use in Australopithecus africanus." Science 347.6220 (2015): 395-399.
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