20Sociological research provides practical help in assessing the results of

20sociological research provides practical help in

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20.Sociological research provides practical help in assessing the results of policy initiatives. What do you think about it? Sociologists often begin the research process by asking a question about how or why things happen in this world. It might be a unique question about a new trend or an old question about a common aspect of life. Once a question is formed, a sociologist proceeds through an in-depth process to answer it. In deciding how to design that process, the researcher may adopt a positivist approach or an interpretive approach. 21 Many sociologists concern themselves directly with practical matters as professionals.Is this statement true?
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I think that's true. Because they are really professionals in their field. They study every detail and take great responsibility for everything they do. They conduct research and it helps many people to understand how society works. 22 Why most traditional civilisations were empires? Civilisation’ and ‘empire’ are two large-scale phenomena, which have often been seen as connected; they have usually been studied by historians, in particular with reference to the ‘ancient’ ages or in a world-historical perspective Why have they become relevant in International Relations (IR)? In what ways can their use contribute to understanding and explaining international and world politics? First of all, both terms refer to comprehensive and all-encompassing manifestations of power, culture, and ideas; ‘empire’ derives from imperium, a Latin noun referring to a special military power possessed by high magistrates and, later, emperors; ‘civilisation’ was defined by Huntington as ‘the highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have short of that which distinguishes humans from other species’ (1993: 24). The size of the two phenomena, their connections, and their relations to power in different guises suggest an obvious link between them and the study of international and world politics. 23 Consider the problem of migration of people from rural areas to industrial cities? Migration is the physical movement from one area to another. People migrate for various reasons. Some positive reasons people migrate are to obtain a better job, obtain personal freedoms and acquire a better way of life. Some not so positive reasons people migrate are because of war, famine, poverty and oppression. Prior to the mid-1780s, most of Europe lived in a rural area. A rural area is an area that has a population less than 2,500 people. Life in the rural area consisted of growing crops, such as grain, and raising animals, such as sheep, for wool and meat. Being a farmer is hard work, and the pay is extremely low. In addition, all of the work had to be done by hand as they did not have any machines to aid in their labor. Farmers were also at the mercy of nature. For example, a good weather season meant a bountiful crop and prosperous times. However, an inhospitable weather season meant an anemic crop, which could lead to starvation.
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