Understand the method for assigning the scientific or

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Review Questions for the final Chapter 1.docx

4 .   Order different microorganisms from smallest to largest . ( which one is smallest / largest ? : virus , protozoa , bacteria , atoms , red blood cell , etc …. ) Identify the process or environment in this list that is NOT affected by microorganism
A ) oxygen cycles
B ) global temperatures
C ) human health
D ) all of the above have microbial involvement
85 )   Microorganisms have inhabited the Earth for billions of years , and can be found inhabiting a variety of environments . In fact , microbes performing anoxygenic photosynthesis led to the oxygenation of early Earth 's atmosphere . These ancient organisms were ________.
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5. Understand the method for assigning the scientific or specific name of bacteria (binomial system of nomenclature), How are microbes named? (Ex. Staphylococcusaureusor S. aureus)
85) Microorganisms have inhabited the Earth for billions of years, and can be found inhabiting a variety of environments. In fact, microbes performing anoxygenic photosynthesis led to the oxygenation of early Earth's atmosphere. These ancient organisms were ________.
Many microbes that inhabit the skin have the potential to cause disease. One such pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus. The genus name of this organism is most properly represented as ________.
Hand washing in the healthcare environment is aimed at reducing the number of microbes in the medical setting to prevent the spread of infection and disease. Which of these terms best represents this technique?
Koch's postulates are criteria used to establish thatA) microbes are found on dust particles.B) a specific microbe is the cause of a specific disease.C) life forms can only arise from preexisting life forms.D) a specific microbe should be classified in a specific kingdom.E) microbes can be used to clean up toxic spills.
The microorganisms that recycle nutrients by breaking down dead matter and wastes are called ________.
Which scientific field is involved in the identification, classification, and naming of organisms?
The orderly arrangement of organisms into a hierarchy of taxa is called ________.
Taxonomy does not involve________.A) nomenclatureB) classificationC) taxaD) identificationE) common name
7. Know the four main families of biochemicals. (carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins) and where are those found within cell structures ( Hint: cell walls, cell membranes, DNA, enzymes, etc…)

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