Sonnet: It is a lyricpoem consisting of 14 lines and, in the English version, is usually written in iambic pentameter. There are two basic kinds of sonnets: the Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnet and the Shakespearean (or Elizabethan/English) sonnet. The Italian/Petrarchan sonnet is named after Petrarch, an Italian Renaissance poet. The Petrarchan sonnet consists of an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines). The Shakespearean sonnet consists of three quatrains (four lines each) and a concluding couplet (two lines). The Petrarchan sonnet tends to divide the thought into two parts (argument and conclusion); the Shakespearean, into four (the final couplet is the summary).Ballad: It is a narrativepoem that has a musical rhythm and can be sung. A ballad is usually organized into quatrains or cinquains, has a simple rhythm structure, and tells the tales of ordinary people.Epic: It is a long narrativepoem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historical hero. Qualities of an Epic Poem:narrative poem of great scope; dealing with the founding of a nation or some other heroic theme requires a dignified theme requires an organic unity requires orderly progress of the action always has a heroic figure or figures involves supernatural forceswritten in deliberately ceremonial style Other types of poems include:Haiku: It has an unrhymedverse form having three lines (a tercet) and usually 5,7,5 syllables, respectively. It's usually considered a lyric poem.Limerick: It has a very structured poem, usually humorous & composed of five lines (a cinquain), in an aabbarhyming pattern; beat must be anapestic(weak, weak, strong) with 3 feet in lines 1, 2, & 5 and 2 feet in lines 3 & 4. It's usually a narrative poem based upon a short and often ribald anecdote.