Sonnet it is a lyric poem consisting of 14 lines and

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Sonnet: It is a lyricpoem consisting of 14 lines and, in the English version, is usually written in iambic pentameter. There are two basic kinds of sonnets: the Italian (or Petrarchan) sonnet and the Shakespearean (or Elizabethan/English) sonnet. The Italian/Petrarchan sonnet is named after Petrarch, an Italian Renaissance poet. The Petrarchan sonnet consists of an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines). The Shakespearean sonnet consists of three quatrains (four lines each) and a concluding couplet (two lines). The Petrarchan sonnet tends to divide the thought into two parts (argument and conclusion); the Shakespearean, into four (the final couplet is the summary).Ballad: It is a narrativepoem that has a musical rhythm and can be sung. A ballad is usually organized into quatrains or cinquains, has a simple rhythm structure, and tells the tales of ordinary people.Epic: It is a long narrativepoem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historical hero. Qualities of an Epic Poem:narrative poem of great scope; dealing with the founding of a nation or some other heroic theme requires a dignified theme requires an organic unity requires orderly progress of the action always has a heroic figure or figures involves supernatural forceswritten in deliberately ceremonial style Other types of poems include:Haiku: It has an unrhymedverse form having three lines (a tercet) and usually 5,7,5 syllables, respectively. It's usually considered a lyric poem.Limerick: It has a very structured poem, usually humorous & composed of five lines (a cinquain), in an aabbarhyming pattern; beat must be anapestic(weak, weak, strong) with 3 feet in lines 1, 2, & 5 and 2 feet in lines 3 & 4. It's usually a narrative poem based upon a short and often ribald anecdote.
SOUND PATTERNSThree other elements of poetry are rhyme scheme, meter(ie. regular rhythm) and word sounds(like alliteration). These are sometimes collectively called sound playbecause they take advantage of the performative, spoken nature of poetry.

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