Contending that her right to privacy was violated and

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Contending that her right to privacy was violated and her reputation maligned and destroyed, Gamboa filed a Petition dated 9 July 2010 for the issuance of a writ of habeas data against respondents in their capacities as officials of the PNP-Ilocos Norte. In her Petition, she prayed for the following reliefs: (a) destruction of the unverified reports from the PNP-Ilocos Norte database; (b) withdrawal of all information forwarded to higher PNP officials; (c) rectification of the damage done to her honor; (d) ordering respondents to refrain from forwarding unverified reports against her; and (e) restraining respondents from making baseless reports. RTC Br. 13 nevertheless dismissed the Petition on the ground that Gamboa failed to prove through substantial evidence that the subject information originated from respondents, and that they forwarded this database to the Zeñarosa Commission without the benefit of prior verification.35 The trial court also ruled that even before respondents assumed their official positions, information on her may have already been acquired. Finally, it held that the Zeñarosa Commission, as the body tasked to gather information on PAGs and authorized to disclose information on her, should have been impleaded as a necessary if not a compulsory party to the Petition. Gamboa then filed the instant Appeal by Certiorari dated 24 September 2010, raising the following assignment of errors: 1. The trial court erred in ruling that the Zeñarosa Commission be impleaded as either a necessary or indispensable party; 2. The trial court erred in declaring that Gamboa failed to present sufficient proof to link respondents as the informant to [sic] the Zeñarosa Commission; 3. The trial court failed to satisfy the spirit of Habeas Data ;
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POLITICAL LAW CASE DIGESTS 36 4. The trial court erred in pronouncing that the reliance of the Zeñarosa Commission to [sic] the PNP as alleged by [Gamboa] is an assumption; 5. The trial court erred in making a point that respondents are distinct to PNP as an agency. In determining whether Gamboa should be granted the privilege of the writ of habeas data, this Court is called upon to, first, unpack the concept of the right to privacy; second, explain the writ of habeas data as an extraordinary remedy that seeks to protect the right to informational privacy; and finally, contextualize the right to privacy vis-à-vis the state interest involved in the case at bar. Clearly, the right to privacy is considered a fundamental right that must be protected from intrusion or constraint. However, in Standard Chartered Bank v. Senate Committee on Banks (G.R. No. 167173, 27 December 2007, 541 SCRA 456), this Court underscored that the right to privacy is not absolute, viz : With respect to the right of privacy which petitioners claim respondent has violated, suffice it to state that privacy is not an absolute right. While it is true that Section 21, Article VI of the Constitution, guarantees respect for the rights of persons affected by the legislative investigation, not every invocation of
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