i The i dangers i have i evolved i into i intensified i forms i in i the i virtual i medium. i Injuries i on i playground i equipment i are i now i TikTok i video i challenges. i Child i predators i loitering i near i playgrounds i are i now i anonymous i TikTok i accounts i subscribing i to i young i creators. i i Because i TikTok i exists i within i a i private i smartphone i rather i than i a i public i place, i parents i are i not i present i to i catch i their i child i from i falling i off i the i play i structure i or i to i ward i off i unwelcome i voyeurs. i Playgrounds i were i designed i in i the i late i 1930s i to i protect i children i from i the i dangers i of i playing i in i roadways i as i automobiles i proliferated i and i play i activities i were i deemed i reckless i and i unstructured i (Stutzin, i 34). i Areas i for i children i and i parents i were i fenced i off i and i segregated i from i the i city. i The i design i of i the i playground i mitigated i injury, i “the i fall,” i by i structuring i play i activity. i The i virtual i playground i lacks i this i perimeter i and i oversight, i promoting i parental i “moral i panic.” i The i absence i of i parental i supervision i intensifies i the i moral i panic i that i new i technologies i regularly i instigate. i In i his i book, i Folk i Devils i and i Moral i Panics, i sociologist i Stanley i Cohen i describes i moral i panics i as i efforts i by i societal i institutions i to i exaggerate i the i dangers i of i new i practices i and i undermine i their i adoption i (Cohen, i 1). i For i virtual i playgrounds, i the i moral i panic i focuses i the i narrative i on i data i collection, i hazardous i filming, i and i online i predators i before i examining i the i creativity i that i media i production i motivates. i Moral i panics i loop i with i each i media i technology, 38 | P a g e
i blurring i what i dangers i are i specific i to i TikTok i (Vickery, i 35). i The i pressure i on i ByteDance i following i the i 2019 i lawsuit i prompted i strict i age i requirements i to i register i for i an i account i and i robust i automated i software i for i detecting i user i comments i with i adult i language. i The i moral i panic i brought i about i a i designed i parental i figure, i exerting i control i over i what i occurs i on i the i virtual i playground. i i Often i moral i panics i involve i a i misdirected i notion i that i technology i is i unproductive i for i children. i TikTok i is i unlike i social i media i applications i that i emphasize i content i consumption i over i production. i “This i is i the i only i app i that i I’ve i found i where i people i are i so i creative,” i says i comedian i Sarah i Cornelius. i The i app i is i more i a i creative i media i than i a i social i media.
- Spring '20
- The Road, Internet Information Services, iFor iexample