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Language commonality and physical featuresmatters as well.Germanic tribal legacyThey would rather die than become half Roman.German ancestors suffered and worked tocreate Germany. Thanked ancestors forpropogating the idea of nationalism and identity.Otto von BismarckAppointed by King Wilhelm, Otto von Bismarckbecame chancellor of Germany in 1862.“Blood and Iron” agendaOtto von Bismarck had a “blood and iron” agenda inwhich he expanded the Prussian army to becomeEurope’s best. He defeated Denmark, Austria, andFrance.Unification under the “Second Reich”Kaiser Wilhelm's declared Prussia(excluding Austria and Switzerland) as the"Second Reich" (the first being the HolyRoman Empire). This signaled a shift fromthe German nation as an idea to theGerman nation as a reality.Alsace-LorraineFollowing the Franco-Prussian war of 1871,France had to concede Alsace-Lorraine as asettlement to end the war. France was forced toconcede Alsace-Lorraine with their loss of theFranco-Prussian war. German's justified theirconquer by arguing that the people who livedthere spoke German.Ernest RenanRenan’s seminal 1882 address, “What is aNation?” cut down Germanic Nationalism. Indoing so, he calls into question what composesa modern state. He argues that the formation ofstatehood begin with the downfall of the RomanEmpire. Nomadic tribes took over power,adopted Latin and Christianity, married the Latinwomen, and lent their names to regions(France=franks, Lombards= Lombardi, etc); thusforming a mold for natural identifications. Hehighlights the fact that these settlements arecompletely arbitrary; there is nothing eternalabout them. He points to the Partition of Verdunas evidence of this arbitrary line drawing.Partition of VerdunCharlemagne's grandsonsAlsace-Lorraine was formed from Charlemagnesgrandsons having a dispute on the distribution ofland amongst the two of them. In the end, thetwo decided to split the land among the Rhineriver, hence the separation from Alsace-Lorrainefrom the rest of France11
Who?What?Where?When?Why? (Why is this significant?)Necessity of “historical error”“Obligated already to have forgotten” thecorrosive memory of the St. Bartholomew's Daymassacre of French Huguenots or the Midimassacre. Renan argues that one bust accept(or ignore) a certain amount of historical error tobuy into nationalism. It is crucial to the creationof nationalism. If one looks to carefully at historythe narrative of ..." Pretty much one has to forgetsome things in history in order to bring aboutnationalism.St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre1572 was a targeted group of assassinationsduring the French Wars of Religion. A massacreof 20,000 French Protestants by FrenchCatholics. Renan mentions it casually, as allFrench are obliged to forget. Not to forget it as awhole however, but simply to rememberselective parts- in much the same way the civilwar is remembered in the“Ethnographic principle”This is the assumption that nations formed onthe basis of a common or "pure race". All the