an influx of foreign care workers to help meet the demand. Most of these workers that are stepping up to help are of Russian descent, while many also come from Eastern Europe. “Demand for publicly provided health care and long-long term care services and state pensions could increase” (Winnekens, 2016).Effects on GermanyDiffering only in extent and speed, population aging is a global phenomenon found in many industrial and developing countries. Due to a shrinking labor force, potential output will also shrink as well as per-capita income shrinking. Housing prices may also increase due to the lack of new construction activity. As the age dependency ratio continues to grow, health care systems will be facing a serious organizational and financial challenges. As well as a heavier fiscal burden on each working individual may happen due to the population aging. With the older population needing specific healthcare needs, major adjustments will be required, such as geriatric medical training. According to Klaus Bottcher, a German insurer and directorof beneftis at KKH-Allianz, he “believes tha a growth in degenerative conditions is likely to be one of the leading health impacts of an ageing population in Germany, and one that the government is only just beginning to think about” (Kielstra & Scott, 2009). One move to help counter the effects of an aging population would be to help the hundreds of thousands of refugees that have immigrated to Germany find work. On a positive note however, having a steadily growing older population will bring a demand for nursing professionals. Granted there is an unchanged employment structure, the demand for nurses willbe met through 2025 if both semi-skilled and fully-qualified nursing professionals are counted together.