Not interested in marxist revolution german middle

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Not interested in Marxist revolution German middle class is better of than Russian middle class – reform  cannot be achieved through Bolshevik Rev Liberal progressive democracy – split the Social Democrat Party  1917 – Social Dem Party split Independent socialists – didn’t survive for more than 1.5 yrs Commitment to social revolution necessary  Not  parliamentary democracy Communitst party –  Two parties together would have had the majority vote  1919 – Left Liberals (DDP) wrote constitution of the new republic  Enfranchised women Bill of rights/social bill of rights Did not nationalize everything, but created a social safety net Decided that every party should have representation Electoral system: Every 60,000 votes a party received, they got a seat  in the electorate Every special interest party had a shot a getting representation By 1920, over 25 political parties. By 1924 there were 35 political  parties LEFT POLITICAL PARTIES KPD (Communists) and SPD (Social Democrats) Appeal to working class and unions If Social Dems tried to appeal to middle class, KPD would accuse them of  disloyalty LIBERAL PARTIES DDP (US Liberals) and DVP (US Republicans)
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Middle class constituency Industry and commerce, shopkeepers, professionals etc. Urban If DDP tried to expand constituency to moderate working class, DVP would  accuse them of siding with socialists No rationale to attempt to appeal to a broader base CONSERVATIVE PARTIES  (Monarchy, Not like US Conservatives, rejected  Weimar Republic) DNVP Middle class, rural (farmers) Civil Servants  Some connections with big business CENTER PARTY Z Catholic Center party Appeals to workers, middle class Catholics  Urban/rural NSDAP –  Party lines unclear From 1919-1920: Confusion about political base proved to be too much. Nazis  were nothing in political arena Drexler + Harrer – Founder Pseudo intellectuals, volkisch thought, more like club meeting Hitler sent to write a report about the party After joining, outmaneuvered Drexler and Harrer within a few months 1922-1923: Weimar Republic on the verge of collapse Nazis decided to make first move Jan 1923: French + Belgians fed up with refusal to pay reparations  Germany had to demilitarize certain regions War Guilt Clause: Germany solely responsible for the First World War Germans tried to avoid payment  French + Belgians sent troops into Germany Germans decided on passive resistance Inflation became Hyperinflation People paid three times a day At this point, Weimar Republic began to fall apart
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